Actually, what is meant by the industrial revolution 4.0? In brief, understanding industry 4.0 is a trend in the industrial world that combines automation technology with cyber technology.
In industry 4.0, manufacturing technology has entered the trend of automation and data exchange. This includes cyber-physical systems, internet of things (IoT), cloud computing, and cognitive computing.
This trend has changed many areas of human life, including the economy, the world of work, and even the lifestyle of human beings themselves. In short, Revolution 4.0 instills intelligent technology that can be connected with various fields of human life.
The Industrial Revolution Era 4.0 marked the role of technology taking over most of the economic activity. Welcoming the Industrial Revolution 4.0, the government has moved quickly by making a road map for Making Indonesia 4.0.
The road map, which was launched early last year as a clear direction and strategic step towards a resilient nation, to make Indonesia among the top 10 strongest economies in 2030. Related to this step, the development of five manufacturing industry sectors was prioritized at the beginning of the implementation of the Industrial Revolution 4.0.
The five manufacturing industry sectors that received special attention from the government include the food and beverage industry, textiles and clothing, automotive, electronics, and chemicals. Why do the five industrial sectors receive special development priorities? Based on data from the Ministry of Industry (Kemenperin), the industrial sector contributes 60% of gross domestic income (GDP), contributing 65% of total exports so far, and around 60% of the industrial workforce is in that priority industrial sector.
It is hoped that the five industrial sectors can become the backbone in increasing competitiveness in line with the development of the Industrial Revolution 4.0. The Industrial Revolution Era 4.0 on one hand did eliminate a number of types of work, but on the other hand it presented a variety of new types of work.
There are some expert opinions about the industrial revolution 4.0, the first according to Jobs Lost, Jobs Gained: Workforce Transitions in a Time of Automation, released by the McKinsey Global Institute (December 2017), in 2030 as many as 400 million to 800 million people must find new jobs , because it was replaced by an engine.
The second opinion, according to the Minister of National Development Planning, Bambang P.S. Brodjonegoro, has the same opinion as McKinsey & Co. According to him, entering the 4.0 industrial revolution Indonesia will lose 50 million job opportunities.
The third opinion, according to Industry Minister Airlangga Hartarto, is the opposite. The 4.0 industrial revolution provides an opportunity for Indonesia to innovate. A revolution focused on developing the digital economy is seen as beneficial for Indonesia. Digital economic development is a market and talent, and Indonesia has both. He disagreed that the 4.0 industrial revolution would reduce labor, but instead increase efficiency.
The fourth industrial revolution is marked by increased connectivity, interaction, boundaries between people, machines and other resources increasingly converging through information and communication technology. Every industrial revolution is marked by a number of momentum that shows the development of human life over time.
Just look at the first industrial revolution colored the use of steam engines that replace human and animal power. Then, the second industrial revolution marked the emergence of the concept of mass production accompanied by the use of electricity. Furthermore, the third industrial revolution began to utilize automation technology in industrial activities.
Well, interestingly in the fourth industrial revolution marked the optimal use of information and communication technology, not only limited to the production process, but also the entire industrial chain so as to produce a new digital-based business model. All these processes create high efficiency and higher quality product.
Four years ago, the McKinsey research institute released that the impact of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, 3,000 times was more terrible than the first industrial revolution. The immediate impact has begun to be felt in the community with the presence of a number of startups or digital-based companies, which make life easier and shift a number of types of conventional work.
It cannot be denied, the presence of the fourth industrial revolution is indeed a threat to the labor force today. This was agreed by the Chairperson of the Indonesian Employers’ Association (Apindo) Hariyadi B Sukamdani, who considered that threatened workers were those who did not have the skills to adapt to new types of jobs.
Therefore, there must be a strategic and targeted step in anticipating an explosion of unskilled labor in the formal sector. Nothing wrong with the government listening to the advice of the Apindo the need for changes in education and vocational patterns in this country. Required specific skills related to digitization technology.
Indeed, preparing a workforce that can adapt to the changes caused by the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is a separate homework for the government. Luckily, the government in this case the Ministry of Manpower (Kemenaker), continues to prepare workers who are able to adapt, be competitive, and survive in the midst of changing world of work.
The Ministry of Industry (Kemenperin) will launch the Making Indonesia 4.0 program which is an integrated roadmap and campaign to implement strategies to face the 4th industrial revolution era (Industry 4.0). The roadmap will be launched on April 4, 2018.
As a first step in running Making Indonesia 4.0, there are five industries that are the focus of industry 4.0 implementation in Indonesia, namely:
1. Food and drink
These five industries are the backbone, and are expected to have a large influence in terms of competitiveness and contribution to the Indonesian economy towards the top 10 of the world economy in 2030. These five sectors will be an example for industry 4.0 implementation, new job creation and new investment based technology.
The Ministry of Manpower claims to have issued a number of policies and programs relating to improving access and quality of vocational training in an effort to print competent and competitive human resources (HR). Meanwhile, the Ministry of Industry relied on a number of vocational education and training programs. You name it, vocational education is a link and match between industry and vocational high school.
HR competencies in facing the Industrial Revolution 4.0 are not negotiable. HR competencies related to changes in the world of work are the key to success if you do not want to be a spectator in the 4.0 Industrial Revolution where changes are so fast and massive. Of course, success in welcoming the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is not merely the task of the government, but it requires the support of all components of the nation.
Therefore I invite the readers to prepare carefully about the era of the industrial revolution 4.0 because there will be many unexpected things in this era. Both internal and external. Prepare carefully and properly and do not let the machine take over. We are the ones who set the machines.