what is AI? before we take a peek at the development of Artificial Intelligence, we must also know the definition of AI itself.
Artificial intelligence or AI is an intelligent entity created by humans and then incorporated into a system or machine that is able to think and make their own decisions. In making decisions, the system is trained continuously through training data until the system is able to automatically make decisions.
After knowing what AI is, it will cross my mind how this AI was created. Here is a history of the birth of AI:
1950 (The Imitation Game)
In 1950, Alan Turing introduced the “Turing Test”, a method that has the ability to display intelligent behavior that is indistinguishable from humans.
1956 (The Beginning of AI)
In 1956, The Dartmouth Summer Research Project popularized the term Artificial Intelligence (AI), which was the beginning of the birth of AI.
1963 (Cold War Concerns)
In 1963, the US government agency, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA), funded AI research at universities such as MIT, with the hope that machines could speak Russian instantly.
In 1968, “I’m sorry, Dave, I’m afraid I can’t do that”
“I’m Sorry, Dave, I’m afraid I can’t do that” is a snippet of a conversation on Stanley Kubrick’s famous film 2001: A Space Odyssey which tells the killer supercomputer with AI technology, HAL 9000.
1974 (The Winter of AI)
In 1974, with disappointing AI results, governments around the world withdrew their funding for AI research. This happened during the two decades of winter.
In 1984 (Common-Sense AI)
Douglas Lenat decided to build an AI that could make a logical reasoning. Douglas Lenat built the AI for 30 years before it could be used commercially.
In 1997 (Checkmate)
In 1997, a chess computer called IBM’s Deep Blue was the first computer to win a chess game against chess champion Garry Kasparov.
In 2000 (The Ideal Search Engine is Smart “
Google’s founder, Larry Page discussed to create Google Search that leads to AI.
In 2011 (Hey, Siri)
Apple, a technology company founded by SteveJobs, introduced Siri after getting it from the Stanford Research Institute a year earlier.
In 2012 (Catching Cats)
A Google Neural Network technology, training itself to recognize cats and humans from millions of images taken from Youtube. The results obtained are able to recognize cats with an accuracy level of 74.8% and 81.7% for human faces.
In 2014 (Game Over)
Stephen Hawking said, “The full development of AI can predict the end of humanity”.
In 2015 (AI for Everyone)
Again, Google released TensorFlow, an open source platform for machine learning ”
In 2017 (AI First)
Sundar Pichai announced that Google shifted from the mobile-first to the AI-first world.
In 2018 (backlash)
In the midst of a record funding for Startup AI, Google was criticized for selling AI to Pentagon companies, and Amazon oversaw how the police department used AI for face recognition.
In 2019 (The Writing is on The Wall)
The head of the Google Quantum team presents its growth rate, which shows that quantum supremacy is almost non-existent.