The development of technology is getting rapidly from time to time . In the past , maybe we could only imagine or watch science fiction films about advanced technology . Now , various equipment / machines have been equipped with sophisticated technology that can facilitate our daily work . Start from smart car (smart car) that can walk alone to various destinations without a human driver , to a smart machine like Alexa that can sound remind you to do this and that according to schedule . All of this latest technology is part of the Internet of Things.
What is the Internet of Things?
Internet of Things is a concept where the object particular has the capability to transfer the data via the network without requiring any interaction from human to human or from human to device computer .
Internet of Things Leih often referred to by the acronym that is IOT. IOT is already growing rapidly start of the convergence of technologies for wireless , micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), and also the Internet.
This IoT is also often identified with RFID as a method of communication . Though so , IOT also may include technologies of sensors other , a kind of technology of wireless or code QR that often we find in around us .
What Do the ability of IOT? The ability to various examples in the sharing of data, into a remote control, and still many more that others . Actually its functions include also applied to objects that exist in the real world , around us . What are some examples ? An example is for the processing of material food , electronics , and a variety of machines or technology other that everything is connected to a network locally and globally through sensors embedded and always lit active .
So , simply put the term Internet of Things is referring to the machine or tool that can be identified as a representation of the virtual in a structure that is based on the Internet.
How the Internet of Things Works
How it Works Internet of Things was like what ? Actually IOT works by utilizing an argument of programming , where each command argument that could result in an interaction between the machine that has been linked in automatically without interfering hands of humans and without limited range regardless away .
Thus , the Internet here becomes a liaison between the two interaction machines are . Then where interfering hand of man ? Humans in IOT duties simply be a regulator and supervisor of machines that work by directly mentioned .
The biggest challenge that can be an obstacle in configuring IoT is how to arrange its own communication network . Why does it become difficult and problematic ? This is actually because the network is very complex . Besides that , IOT also actually really need a system of security that is pretty tight . Besides the problems mentioned , the cost of the development of IOT are expensive too often become the cause of its failure . In the end , manufacturing and development can end in production failure .
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The constituent elements of IoT
There are several elements forming the IOT which fundamentally includes intelligence artificial , connectivity , sensor, the involvement of active as well as the use of the device size small . Here , we ‘ll explain each element pemberntuk those with short :
- Intelligence Artificial (Artificial Intelligence / AI) – IOT makes almost all the machines that there be “Smart”. This means the IOT can improve all aspects of the life of us with the development of technology that is based on AI. Thus , the development of technology that there is to do with the collection of data, the algorithm intelligence artificial , and networks are available . Actually yes example could be the engine that is relatively simple sort of improve / develop cabinets ice / refrigerator you so that can detect if the stock of milk and cereal favorites you ‘ve almost exhausted , even can also make orders to the supermarket is automatic if the stock would run out . The application of artificial intelligence is indeed very interesting .
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- Connectivity – In IoT, it is possible to create / open new networks , and IoT- specific networks . Thus , the network is no longer tied only to providers main course . The network does not have to scale large and expensive, can be provided on a scale that is much more smaller and more inexpensive . IOT can create a network of small those in the device system .
- Sensors – These sensors are the differentiators that make IoT unique compared to other sophisticated machines . The sensor is able to define the instrument , which alter the IOT of network standards and tend to be passive in the device , to be a system of active that can be integrated into the world the real everyday us .
- Involvement Active (Active Engagement) – engangement are often applied technology in general that includes passive . This IoT introduces a new paradigm for active content , products , and service involvement .
- Tool Measuring Small – devices , such as that estimated the experts of technology , it is becoming increasingly smaller , more inexpensive and more robust from time to time. IOT utilize the devices small which made special is that generate accuracy , scalability , and flexibility are good .
History and Development
Given that the IOT This is the technology advanced that is able to perform data transfer over the network with the interaction that is , the period ahead of the development is so very promising . Life of humans daily can be optimized and made easy with the sensor intelligently and equipment smart are based internet this .
Initially , the Internet was itself started well known in the year 1989. Then in the year 1990, a researcher named John Romkey create a device that when it is relatively advanced . The device is a toaster that can be turned on or also turned off via the internet.
Later in the year 1994, someone named Steve Mann creates WearCam , and in the year 1997 its si Paul Saffo explained in brief about his discoveries about the technology of sensors and a front later . It was only in the year 1999 Kevin Ashton made the concept of the Internet of Things. This Kevin is the Director of Auto IDCentre from MIT.
In the year that is the same , namely in 1999, found the machine that the system based on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is global. Now, the discovery of this is that so early popularity of the concept of IOT. People, especially expert technology so vying to develop the technology according concept of IOT.
Then , in the year 2000, the brand renowned LG announced plans to create and release technology IOT is a closet smart . This smart wardrobe is able to determine whether there are food stocks that need to be refilled in the closet .
Later , in the year 2003, Frid who previously has been mentioned , began to be placed in positions important in the future development of technology in America, through the Program Savi . In the year that is the same as well, companies retail giant Walmart began deploying RFID in all branches of the store that is available in various parts of the world.
IOT back famous in the year 2005, ie at the time the media celebrated a kind of The Guardian and The Boston Globe began quoting much all of the articles of scientific and process development of IOT. Until the year 2008, various kinds of companies to agree to launch IPSO to market the use of IP in the network for the “Smart Objects” are also intended to enable the IOT ‘s own .
Types of IoT Implementation Fields
There are various kinds of application of IoT in the agricultural sector . Some of them like to collect the data about temperature , precipitation of rain , humidity , speed of the wind , the attack of pests , and load soil . The data that can be used for automating the technique of agriculture . Then , can also be used to take a decision (decision making) based on the information that is there for the sake of improving the quality and quantity , minimizing risk and waste , and reduce the effort that is required to manage the plant . For example , farmers now have been able to monitor the temperature and humidity of soil from far away , and even implement data obtained by IOT to program fertilization are more precise .
A number of large devices that consume energy ( a kind of switch, outlet electricity , lights , television , etc .) Are now already be integrated with connectivity internet. Then what is the impact ? Integration that allows the machines or networks to communicate in balancing the generation of electricity and the use of energy that is more sparingly and effectively . The device is also able to allow access to the remote control of a user , or may also management of the center through an interface that berberbasis cloud. In addition to it , can also activate the function of a kind of scheduling ( for example, to turn on / turn off the engine heater , controlling oven, change the conditions of illumination of the light becomes dim up to the dark , and so forth ). So with IOT in the field of this , the system could gather and act based on the information that is related to the energy and power for the sake of improving the efficiency of production and distribution of electricity .
Environmental monitoring applications from IOT usually use sensors to help ensure environmental protection . For example like what ? Its application for example by monitoring the quality of air or water, the condition of the atmosphere or land , even also can include monitoring teerhadap wildlife wildlife and its habitat . Not only that actually . Can also IOT is used in the prevention of disaster sort of system warning early tsunami or earthquake earth . This can certainly be very helpful . The IoT device in this case means it has a very broad geographical reach and is able to move .
Device IOT also be used to monitor and control the system of mechanical , electrical , and electronics that are used in various types of buildings ( eg , industry or also the home you as a place to stay ). Tools or development of IOT is also able to monitor the use of energy in real-time to reduce the consumption of energy . Not only that , even can also perform monitoring against the occupants . For example ? Once you enter into the house at night the day , the lights lit up . Then once you get in to schedule sleep , the lights will die in automatically . In the morning , your garden will be doused with water by an automatic sprinkler machine . So also with a fridge you can reserve stocks of food itself when it runs out . Everything can be integrated into a smart home system .
Medical and Health
In the world of medicine and health , IoT will continue to be developed . In fact , later in the future will come , the whole recording of health you can be transferred directly to the power of medical and Rumah Sakit . The data can be detected and delivered a kind of beating heart , the level of sugar in the blood , and so forth . Smartphone / phone personally you will become a tool monitors the health of the sophisticated and certainly can greatly help you. Existing IoT devices can even provide warnings when your health deteriorates or provide treatment advice and even make an appointment with a doctor . Actually, several technology advanced IOT has been developed and implemented in the field of this . For example , a place to sleep good that can automatically notify a doctor / nurse when a patient about to get up from the place to sleep etc . According to a report from Goldman Sachs in the year 2015, device health sort of this could save the state of the budget of health were excessive .
IOT can help humans in the integration of communications , control , and processing of information on the various systems of transportation that exist . The application of IoT is indeed continuously expanding to various aspects of the transportation system . Not only the engine technology, namely vehicles , but also infrastructure , and alluding to the function of the driver / user . Interaction dynamic that occurs between the components were derived from a system of transportation . System that enables communication among and between vehicles , control and traffic that is more effective for relatively intelligent , parking the more intelligent , the management of logistics and fleet, control of the vehicle , and also related to factors of safety as well as assistance in the street .
Internet of Things PDF
To learn more in a matter of IOT and identify what course the challenge of development for humans , following are the various journals IOT in the form of PDF:
- Understanding the Internet of Things
- The Internet of Things: How the Next Evolution of the Internet Is Changing Everything
- Internet of Things: Converging Technologies for Smart Environments and Integrated Ecosystems
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