A film lives on from the formation of image and sound recording technology, and includes various elements of art such as literature, theater, fine arts and music. Film is currently one of the entertainment choices for people around the world
The beginning of the film’s discovery was marked by an experiment on the content and form, technological innovation, including also about who will use, control and utilize this discovery.
Films are a product of technology and you should know that. Since the 1800s, films have begun to be produced and continue to grow until now. Quality as well as story ideas always emerge new, because the technology is increasingly sophisticated. The following are technologies that are changing the course of the film industry.
This is a technology invented in the 1800s. Camera technology which at first was only able to capture images developed continuously with different quality and innovation. In 1888, Thomas Edison, developed camera technology with capture and record functions gambar yang bergerak, bukan hanya memotret objek diam. A film by Edwin S. Poter entitled The Great Train Robbery became the first and very popular story film. For the first time, the audience was shocked and crouched when the robbers shot a gun at the camera. Other figures, Edison and Biograph, are making new technology on cameras and projectors. This technology will combine patents to be built into one form of a standard image that is moving
Silent films entered the golden era before the invention of this technology. At that time, live music was immediately held as a musical background for the film. But with this technology, people don’t need to play a musical instrument live anymore.
In ancient times, monochrome or black and white color film. The presence of technology that displays color makes the film more realistic.
The use of digital technology in the film world began in the 1940s. This technology makes the actor “can be anywhere,” even in a place that is impossible for humans to visit. green screen is used to manipulate the background of the main object. By using the green screen the main object can be placed anywhere at will just by manipulating the background. The technique is to remove the green background and replace it with pictures / videos through computer software.
Green Screen besides being used in film, in the world of green screen photography is also very useful because the photographer no longer needs to buy a variety of different backgrounds, only need to use a green screen and background (background) can be set as you wish.
Why Must Green?
The main purpose of using the green screen is to highlight the main object while blocking the background so it is easy to edit or remove for us to replace with another image.
Before the actual Green Screen the term Blue Screen (Blue screen) first popular and often used. But over time, the blue screen has begun to be abandoned and more often used is the green screen. maybe because editing uses green, both in the separation of the background from the main object and when neutralizing the remaining green color at the edges of the object, it’s easier to work using green than blue. Besides it can be used to manipulate the background (background) Green Screen and Blue Screen can also be used to manipulate the Main Object by using the green screen or blue screen on the main object.
Most of the technology needed to make films so large and heavy that it makes the production process difficult. But since it was found a small and lightweight camera, it immediately changed the style and theme of the film.
Camera rig is a technology that helps the development of shooting techniques. Without it, it’s impossible to get a smooth picture with only the hands.
The quality of the lens that is continuously being developed makes it possible to get better images. In the old days, it was very difficult to get pictures 24 frames per second which is now very easy to obtain.
computer-Generated Imagery or commonly abbreviated as CGI is a 3D imaging technique performed by computers on certain media. CGI belongs to the special effects group that is commonly used in filmmaking, television shows, advertisements and games.
Citing Business Insider, CGI is similar to traditional animation techniques. In traditional animation techniques, a movement is made through a series of interlocking images. Generally, a moving image is created in a 24fps (frame per second) rhythm. That is, in 1 second, there are 24 overlapping images that create a harmony of motion. CGI was first used in the films Westworld (1973) and Futureworld (1976). Westworld is the first film to make use of 2D animation. While Futureworld, recorded as the first film to use 3D effects. In the film, Ed Catmull and Fred Parke from the University of Utah, successfully created “fake” hands and faces.
In addition to the two films, The Abyss (1989) made by James Cameron, became a milestone in the success of the CGI tech film that won the Best Visual Effect award at the 1990 Oscars. And the first animated film to fully use CGI was Toy Story (1995). Toy Story was successfully named as the first full-length movie with CGI technology.
The success of these films, as a result makes CGI now one of the main elements used in the process of making films. However, in the process it does not require a short time, expensive costs, and many properties to make it look real. Equipment such as rope slings, green screens, large studio sets that are capable of loading other properties.
Quoting from Tirto.id, the fact is that there are 400 visual effect workers who work for four years to bring 2D (films) to the cinema. Meanwhile, with CGI only requires half of that number and only takes three years to make films that use computers.
Another fact, the film Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End, spends $ 1 million per minute to finance computer visual effects.
The use of CGI is not only applied to Hollywood films. Actually, there are also some Indonesian films that have used it, such as Garuda Film (2015). This film is claimed to be the first Indonesian superhero film to use CGI technology. Another film, Bangkit (2016), starring Acha Septriasa, Vino. G. Bastian, and a series of other artists apparently cost the 12 billion rupiah for their production. The film also successfully won the Maya Cup in the category of Best Special Effect in 2016. Other Indonesian films with CGI technology, namely Comic 8: Casino King (2015), Rafathar (2017), and Jailangkung (2017).
Quoting Tirto.id, according to Fajar Nugros, “CGI has been widely used in Indonesia and its technology can catch up (Hollywood’s ability) actually. Only our films are always tight, so our CGI team who are smart and their technology to pursue Hollywood cannot be optimal (working on visual effects), “said one of the Indonesian directors. Well, that’s a glimpse of the development of CGI technology that is still used today. Its existence, is needed to make visual effects more tangible in a film. For those of you who are interested, want to learn to explore the world of film and hone your skills. Come on! study at IDS. IDS has a variety of courses around design, animation and film that will prepare you to get involved in the creative industry today.