Have you ever tried to open your friend’s computer just by typing the address? For example you type 192.168.1.1. on the web address page or the address page on my computer. If your computer and your friend’s computer are on a network, then your computer can be connected to your friend’s computer. It doesn’t have to be connected via a LAN cable, but can also be connected via a Wifi network. The number you typed earlier is the IP Address which is part of the broadcast topology.
What is broadcast topology? Broadcast Topology is a type of topology where the system is not only connected to one point, however, this network can directly spread to many points regardless of whether the connected device or computer is ready to receive it or not. Examples of this type of topology system are radio. When the radio waves network out all over the place, then the signal will be reached by other radio devices even if the radio is not turned on or has been turned off. Data distribution through broadcast topology is also simultaneous at the same time.
The broadcast topology itself is divided into three types, including Broadcast Domain, Address and Storm. For an explanation of the three you can see below.
Broadcast domain is a computer network topology when the host part can be connected to various devices as long as the device can be connected to the network even though the distance is far though
Broadcast Address is a combination of numbers that make up an address. Later this address can be connected to various computer devices. Connected connections in this broadcast address can be accessed if the device or computer is connected to the network.
Broadcast Storm is a condition that occurs due to an infinite loop or the term is looping. Such events can occur because there is an error in the network system built.
After we see the understanding and also the types of broadcast topologies, the next is to find out what are the strengths and weaknesses of using this type of topology. To find out the following we first see what are the following advantages.
Advantages of Broadcast Topology
Can be connected in various distances
The advantage of this Broadcast Topology is that it is able to be reached by devices both in one place and another that is even very far away. This is certainly very beneficial because the host can convey the device in another place without having to be there.
Can be accessed throughout the day
Another advantage of using this broadcast topology is that it can be accessed all day long. Because, by using special hardware, such as servers, other devices can access the needs at will whenever and wherever as long as the device has network access.
The security system is more complex
By using a broadcast topology, the security system on an Access Point or AP is more complex. That way the security can be stronger than a variety of hackers and people who are fiddling with fiddling with the contents of the AP.
The settings are easier.
In AP systems that have to provide services to many devices, this topology can provide convenience in making settings on the client computer. That way, client computers will get information that there is an AP that can be accessed while on a network.
A balanced transfer speed in each device
As mentioned earlier, the use of broadcast topology can send data to all devices at one time. In addition, the data can be transferred at a balanced speed so this can certainly save time for data transfer.
Weaknesses in Broadcast Topology
After seeing the strengths next we see what are the shortcomings of this broadcast topology.
To be able to use this broadcast topology will certainly cost a lot because a lot of things must be prepared such as high specification computer components, tools for deploying networks, computer and server maintenance, and many more.
When an error occurs on the host, then other devices can not access the host. Although the network itself can be delivered, but if the host has a problem, the client computer still cannot open it.