What is spyware?
Actually, there is no definitive definition for spyware. But from its name, this spyware can be interpreted as software designed to collect data from a computer or other device such as a cell phone, and send data to other parties without the knowledge of the owner of the data.
The stolen data can be of various types, from the simplest to the secret such as passwords, PINs, credit card numbers, monitoring keyboard keys pressed, browsing habits, collecting email addresses, to monitoring the movements of victims from GPS devices
Spyware has unique characteristics and ways of working that are different from Malware and Adware. Spyware is a software or software whose duty is to monitor and spy on the activities of internet users then display many advertisements to the netter.
The term spyware was first known in 1995 by a time founder Gregor Feund. Spyware was first discovered on Microsoft’s business model system. This program spy on internet users to see the activities of users. Spyware can also be used and used by governments to spy on mischief committed by someone through the Cyber world. Spyware function will be negative because it can also be used by someone to see and steal someone’s data so that it can also be interpreted as a Virus as Adware is currently being abused a lot.
So how can we be affected by spyware? This spyware can infect your computer through the following activities.
1.Receive and install the freeware file
2.Install fake anti spyware
3.Click ads on the internet that are not clear.
4.Hacking by someone
If you already know how to spread it, be careful when doing surfing activities on the internet or when installing freeware applications. Download the application on the official website, and don’t forget to buy an anti spyware application so that it can be protected by this spyware program.
The characteristics of a computer infected with spyware are as follows.
The computer feels slow, even when not running any application.
Pop-up advertisements always appear when connected to the internet.
Settings change in the browser even though the user does not feel the settings change.
There are applications that are installed by themselves without being noticed.
Spyware can send data to other computer users when the target computer is connected to the internet.
There are many types of spyware that spread on the internet, here are examples of spyware that are dangerous when successfully infecting your computer.
- PC recorder
- Parental Control Software
- Detective Software
- Internet Monitoring Software
Kaspersky Lab, in a statement on its official website, categorizes spyware into four parts. Namely trojans, adware, tracking cookies, and system monitors.
1.Trojan spyware is spyware that infects computers in the form of trojan malware.
2.Spyware adware is adware (software that slides advertisements into devices) that also functions as spyware to monitor the activities of computers and other devices.
3.Tracking cookies are files in storage that monitor user movements on the internet, and are used by sites that do use tracking cookies and are designed to use that data.
4.Monitor system is designed to monitor every activity on a computer and record sensitive data such as keyboard keys pressed, sites visited, e-mails, and so on.
Examples of Spyware and Adware
-Windows Live Messenger Plus
-Windows Live Messenger Plus is an example of an Add-ons Adware product for Windows Live Messenger
In general, the website is a web hosting service website.
How to mitigate
Use an antispyware application
If you are an Android user, there are various applications that can track spyware, as well as block it from your cellphone.
The malware scanner feature can usually also be found in special anti spyware or antivirus applications which can be downloaded for free. Also make sure the application is trusted.
If the application has detected spyware, the application will automatically remove it. This is an easy initial solution to do.
Use two step verification (two step verification)
This two-step verification uses two authentication methods to verify that someone trying to enter the account is the right person.
Update the Operating System (OS)
Based on Pixelprivacy, mobile users are advised to make the latest operating system (OS) updates. Normally OS updates will bring updates that fix previous security holes.
If you are not sure, Reset your cellphone
Resetting (resetting) the phone back to factory conditions is the last way you can do to delete the malware that is stored on the cell phone. Before resetting, back up important documents such as contacts and photos.
The way to reset an Android phone is: go to Settings> General Management -> Reset -> Factory Data Reset. While on iOS, open Settings -> General -> Reset.