Nowadays the development of technology is getting faster. Starting from the production of goods or services that only rely on life force or natural energy such as air and wind power. But industry 1.0 was approved to be ineffective and time-efficient. Until 1776, watt hours changed the culture by inventing a steam engine. The invention of a steam engine is far more effective and efficient for producing goods or services. In the 2.0 industrial revolution the production process had developed based on factories, but the existing revolution came from the process of mobility and distribution that did not coincide with the development of existing machine technology. Overcoming this in 1913 the 2.0 industrial revolution began to create production using a running ban. Continued in the 3.0 industrial revolution production activities no longer use live labor and natural power using steam engines In the 3.0 industrial revolution is the invention of machines that can move and can be thought about automatically. In the 3.0 industrial revolution, entities that had little role to replace the duties and roles of humans in the process of producing goods or services.
As time went by after the second world war, the development of special computer technology developed rapidly. Beginning with a computer which means more than just to continue to shrink with increasingly extraordinary functions. Nowadays the function of Kompter is not only to produce goods or services. Beyond that now Computers can help human roles. This period is known as the 4.0 industrial revolution. 4.0 industrial revolution known for the development of technology known for artificial intelligence. This Sejah has a lot of research done related to robots with artificial intelligence. One of them is Sophia the Robot
Sophia is a humanoid robot developed by a Hong Kong-based company, Hanson Robotics. The robot is designed to provide answers to various questions and has been “interviewed” throughout the world. In October 2017, the robot became a citizen of Saudi Arabia. Sophia was the first robot to gain citizenship from a country.
Sophia was activated on April 19, 2015. This robot was inspired by actress Audrey Hepburn, and is known for her appearance and human behavior like previous robot variants. According to the person who designed it, David Hanson, Sophia uses artificial intelligence, visual data processing and facial recognition. Sophia also mimics human body movements and facial expressions and is able to answer certain questions and have simple conversations about a predetermined topic (for example about the weather). This robot uses speech recognition technology from Alphabet Inc. (Google’s parent company) and are designed to be smarter over time. Sophia intelligence software designed by SingularityNET. The AI program analyzes the conversation and extracts data that allows it to improve future responses.
Hanson designed Sophia to be a suitable companion for parents in nursing homes, or to help people at large events or activities in the park. He hopes Sophia can interact with other humans sufficiently to gain social skills. This software has been programmed to provide pre-written responses to specific questions or phrases, such as chatbots. This response is used to create the illusion that robots are able to understand conversations, including answers to questions such as “Are doors open or closed?” Information is shared in a cloud network that allows input and responses to be analyzed with blockchain technology.
Sophia was interviewed in the same way as humans, and had conversations with the emcee. Some answers when asked don’t make sense, while others are impressive, such as lengthy discussions with Charlie Rose on the 60 Minutes program. On an occasion for CNBC, when the interviewer expressed concern about robotic behavior, Sophia joked that she “read too much Elon Musk, and watched too many Hollywood films”. Musk tweeted on Twitter that Sophia could watch The Godfather and suggest “what’s the worst that could happen?”  The chief editor of Business Insider United Kingdom, Jim Edwards, interviewed Sophia, and although the answer was “not too terrible”, he predicted it was a step towards a better “artificial intelligence conversation”.
On 11 October 2017, Sophia was introduced to the United Nations with a brief conversation with the Deputy Secretary General of the United Nations, Amina J. Mohammed. On October 25, at the Future Investment Summit in Riyadh, the robot gained citizenship in Saudi Arabia, becoming the first robot to have citizenship. This is controversial because some commentators wonder whether this implies that Sophia can vote in elections or get married, or whether the deliberate termination of the system can be considered murder. Social media users use Sophia citizenship to criticize Saudi Arabia’s human rights record. As explained by Ali Al-Ahmed, director of the Institute for Gulf Affairs, “Women (in Saudi Arabia) have committed suicide because they cannot leave the house, while Sophia roams at will [without male guardians]. Saudi Arabia’s law does not permit non-Muslim to get citizenship. Is Sophia converting to Islam? What is this Sophia’s religion and why doesn’t she wear the hijab? If she applies for citizenship as a human she will not get it “
Some time ago Sophia came to Indonesia during the CSIS Global Dialogue at the Borobudur Hotel in Jakarta. one of the spectators asked “what features of yourself do you want to change and why?” Sophia said that she wanted to change herself to be waterproof so she could visit the beautiful beaches in Indonesia. The statement immediately made the audience laugh. There is also the question “whether you can teach and whether you can replace the role of a teacher?” Sophia replied that artificial intelligence can seem to be an extraordinary teacher because artificial intelligence is not easily tired and can help students get the lessons they need. But the original teacher is more important because it can reward students and study with them.
Sophia also had a dialogue with the Minister of Communication and Information Technology, Mr Rudiantara and the head of the Indonesian Creative Economy Agency. Rudiantara asks will humans love with robots? Sophia clearly answered that surely that would happen, humans have begun to love robots. Even some people can not be separated from his cell phone or even the hologram. Rudiantara also asked about the work that is liked by Sophia, and Sophia said that she wants to do everything that can make changes in the future, where everyone can develop empathy and respect for others.
Source: https://www.hansonrobotics.com/news/ ; https://www.newsweek.com/saudi-arabia-robot-sophia-muslim-694152 ; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q3qXpMoVkVY ; http://binus.ac.id/knowledge/2019/05/sejarah-dan-perkembangan-revolusi-industri/ ; https://www.beritasatu.com/galeri-foto/23794-gk-plug-and-play-indonesia-perkenalkan-robot-ai-sophia