Development of Intel Processors from Beginning to Now

#Part 2

History of Intel Processors Era 1993 – 1999

10. Intel® Pentium® Processor

The next history of Intel processors was opened by Intel who released the Intel® Pentium® Processor on March 22, 1993. Intel’s one processor can already serve more than one command per tip clock, or commonly referred to as ‘super scalar’. This processor is capable of handling two commands per tick, or comparable to two Intel 486 ™ DX processors that are combined on one chip.

There is a big change in the system bus in this type of processor when compared with the Intel 486 ™ DX version, which has increased its width to 64 bits and has reached speeds of 60 MHz and 66 MHz. Since then, Intel has produced two types of Pentiums, each working on a 60 MHz bus system (P90, P120, P150, and P180) and at 66 MHz (P100, P133 , P166 , and P200).

Intel® Pentium® Processor has the ability to integrate real data in the form of voice, handwriting and photos. The Pentium trademark quickly worldwide and is still felt its existence.

11. Intel® Pentium® Pro Processor

The history of the next Intel processor begins with the presence of the Intel® Pentium® Pro Processor in 1995. Actually the development of the Pentium Pro Processor itself has been done since 1991, but for some reason Intel only released it four years later, precisely on November 1, 1995.

The Intel® Pentium® Pro Processor is designed for use in server and workstation applications, and is made to process data quickly with 5 , 5 million transistors embedded in it. Pentium Pro is basically a pure RISC processor, and is optimized for processing 32 bit data on Windows NT. This processor is the basis for the development of the Intel Pentium I to Pentium IV in the future.

12. Intel® Pentium® II Processor

In 1997, the Intel® Pentium® II Processor officially entered the market as a processor made on the basis of Intel MMX, and specifically designed to process video, audio and graphics data efficiently. There are 7.5 million transistors integrated in it so that with this processor PC users can process various data and use the internet better.

13. Intel® Pentium II Xeon® Processor

Developing the existing Intel® Pentium® II Processor, in 1998 Intel released a new product but still with the Pentium II appendage, the Intel® Pentium II Xeon® Processor. This is a processor that is made for the needs of the server application.

From here Intel has begun to be observant in seeing market demand. Intel even has a target that is so mature related to what type of market you want to aim at, by issuing new products in the form of processors of various types that are tailored to certain market characteristics.

14. Intel® Celeron® Processor

This is a special processor made by Intel to target specific targets. The new product was given the name Intel® Celeron® Processor is officially launched on January 4, 1999. Intel Celeron processor is essentially a CPU intended for designers who want to create valuable computer italics. The impact of this is that the automatic speed is not so fast, but it is still quite capable to be used to run games and educational programs.

15. Intel® Pentium® III Processor

Also in the same year (1999), the Intel® Pentium® III Processor is a continuation project of Pentium II which has received a number of developments. The processor which was released to the public on February 26, 1999 received an additional 70 new instructions that dramatically enriched the capabilities of high-level imaging, 3D, audio streaming, and video and voice recognition applications. This processor is also specifically designed to make the internet experience more comfortable, allowing users to navigate the virtual museum aisles, and download higher quality videos.

16. Intel® Pentium® III Xeon® Processor

The history of the next Intel processor is loaded by the Intel® Pentium® III Xeon® Processor. As the name implies, this type of processor is basically a developmental version of the Pentium® III which was already present. It’s just that this type of processor has a different target market and has the advantage of processing information from the system bus to the processor that is very fast.

Processors that are designed to be integrated with other similar processors combine additional performance for e-Commerce applications and more sophisticated business programs, including multimedia applications and video streaming.

History of Intel Processor Era 2000 – 2008

17. Intel® Pentium® 4 Processor

The history of Intel processors in 2000 began with the presence of the Intel® Pentium® 4 Processor, which originally had a 1.5GHz speed with a 423 pin formafactor. GHz.

By using the Pentium 4 Processor, PC users are given the ability to enable professional-quality filmmaking, via the internet to send TV-quality videos, communicate using video and sound instantly, control 3D graphics rendering better, convert music into files that can be played on Mp3 players , and run several multimedia programs simultaneously while connected to the internet.

18. Intel® Pentium® 4 Xeon® Processor

In 2001, the Intel® Pentium® 4 Xeon® Processor began to fill the computer market as a Pentium 4 processor designed specifically for high-performance middle-class computers, and more as a server computer. This processor has more pin numbers than a regular Intel Pentium 4 processor, as well as with a larger L2 cache memory.

The price of this processor is more skewed but has a much better ability when compared to the Pentium III Xeon. Additionally Intel® Pentium® 4 Xeon® Processor uses NetBurst architecture designed to accommodate the needs of video and audio applications, more sophisticated internet technology and more complex 3D graphics.

19. Intel® Itanium® Processor & Intel® Itanium® 2 Processor

In the same year , Intel also launched the Intel® Itanium® Processor. This processor is designed to provide world class performance, which is needed by companies that demand high performance with more advanced programs, including for secure e-commerce transactions, very large databases, as well as engineering programs and complex engineering.

Later development versions were realized on the Intel® Itanium® 2 Processor. This processor has been made with a structure that is completely different from before which is based on Intel’s Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing (EPIC ) design and technology .

20. Intel® Pentium® M Processor

In 2003, the history of Intel processors was popularized by the Intel® Pentium® M Processor which was quite popular in its era. Basically, this processor is one component of Centrino mobile technology. A technology that is deliberately presented in order to meet market needs will be the existence of a computer that is easy to carry anywhere (portable), let alone anyway if not the name of a notebook or laptop is more popular with the term.

Thanks to the Pentium M processor, laptops can be lighter, more compact and operate longer using batteries. Development of this processor will appear in the following year (2004), which is then called by the name Intel Pentium M 735/745/755 processors.

21. Intel® E7520 / E7320 Chipsets

Log in to 2004, was born the new processor from Intel which was given the name Intel E7520 / E7320 Chipsets. Basically 7320/7520 is a new technology that can be used for dual processors with configurations of 800MHz FSB, DDR2 400 memory, and PCI Express peripheral interfaces.

22. Intel® Pentium D 820/830/840

The journey of Intel processors has progressed since entering 2006. The need for increased performance and heat and power problems faced by a single core processor (Intel Core) makes Intel make a big jump that is combining multiple cores into one processor or better known as multi -core processor. This is made easy by entering with nano technology into the world of processors. The concept is very simple, where using a multi-core architecture processor is expected to accelerate the calculation of algorithms done by a PC system. Because like a job, if you use two brains at once then the process will certainly be completed faster than those who only rely on one brain.

One of the results of this thinking is the birth of a new processor named Intel Pentium D 820/830/840. This is a 64-bit based processor and is called dual core because it uses 2 cores, with a configuration of 1MB L2 cache on each core, 800MHz FSB, and can operate at frequencies of 2.8GHz, 3.0GHz, and 3.2GHz. Processor which also included HyperThreading support is divided into 2 types namely Pentium D with Prescott-based core (90 nm), and Prester which is Pentium D with Cedar Mill-based core (65 nm).

23. Intel® Core 2 Duo

Development of Intel processors that are far more advanced can be found on Intel Core 2 Duo which is designed specifically for PC users who want more than a computer. This processor as the name implies has 2 cores (core) with a 2.4GHz configuration with 8MB of L2 cache (up to 4MB that can be accessed per core), 1.06GHz Front-side bus, and thermal design power (TDP). In comparison, this one Intel processor has performance and power efficiency that is increased by up to 40 percent when compared to previous generation Intel processors.

Intel Processor Era 2009 until 2016

           Today’s Intel Processors

24. Intel® Core ™

Intel ® Core ™ is actually a trademark created by Intel for some of the latest generation of processors that we meet the most to date. In fact it is very likely that this type of processor that you use on your own computer today.

Intel ® Core ™ itself in practice is divided into 3 types of processors namely i3, i5 and i7 processors which again are also divided into certain generations. Made that way because i3, i5 and i7 are basically Intel processors prepared to target 3 different target markets. If i3 is prepared for the entry level, then i5 for the middle level, then i7 is a processor made to target the top level.

Here is a brief explanation of the 3 Intel’s latest processors :

Intel® Core i3

This entry level processor only has 2 cores but has adopted Hyperthreading technology which is able to provide 4 threads that allow several programs to be able to run simultaneously through all four thread paths, 3M cache and without turbo boorst.

Intel® Core i5

This is a micro-processor equipped with turbo boost and hyper-threading technology. Turbo boost is a technology that is able to make the processor maintain its speed while suppressing the level of heat that can be generated due to over use (a condition that normally occurs when a computer is used to play games). While Hyper-Threading is a technology that can improve computer performance when used for multi-tasking, especially when running programs that require intensive processor power at the same time.             

With the turbo boost and hyper-threading, Intel Core i7 is fairly capable as a processor that can overwhelm the user’s desire to utilize heavy computer applications such as 3D rendering programs or other programs such as video / audio and CAD.

Intel® Core i7

The name i7 on this processor is taken from the i7 identifier which is a new technology from Intel in 2008. Some of the advantages of this one Intel processor are able to improve computer performance, make the computer more energy efficient, and produce a much better image display quality, especially when playing high definition video.

Intel Core i7 is divided into 2 types, namely the standard type which has 2 cores and is supported by hyperthreading technology that is able to provide 4 threads, 4M cache and has been supported also by turbo boorst technology. While the second type of Intel Core i7 is a higher version with 4 cores supported by hyperthreading technology that can provide 8 threads, cache 6MB – 8MB and has been supported with turbo boorst technology.

The three processors above are not only made once, but have continued to develop since 2008 until now. As a result such conditions lead to a term that is often referred to as the first generation, second generation, and so on. It is certain that the higher (new) generation of the Processor, the more new features provided by the Processor.

Get to know the Intel Core i3, Core i5, Core i7 on Laptops

As an illustration, here are the differences between the first generation Intel ® Core ™ and several subsequent generations :

Intel® Core ™ Generation 1

Ciri- Feature:

  • Released in 2009
  • Has the code name Arrandale (Clarksfield’s name is used specifically for i7 with letters ending in QM & XM)
  • Does not have a generation indicator
  • DMI bus type with 2.5 GT / s system bus
  • Lithographic standard 32 nm
  • Maximum RAM of 8 GB
  • Processors included in the first generation Intel ® Core ™ are: Core i3, Core i5, Core i7 and Core i7 Extreme

Intel® Core ™ Generation 2

Ciri- Feature:

  • Released in 2011
  • Has the code name Sandy Bridge
  • DMI bus type with a 5 GT / s system bus
  • Lithographic standard 32 nm
  • Maximum RAM of 16 Gb with maximum memory bandwidth of 21.3 Gb / s
  • Processors included in the second generation Intel ® Core ™ are: Core i3, Core i5, Core i7 and Core i7 Extreme

Intel® Core ™ Generation 3

Characteristics :

  • Released in 2012
  • Has a code name Ivy Bridge
  • DMI bus type with a 5 GT / s system bus
  • Standard lithography of 22 nm
  • Maximum RAM of 32 Gb with maximum memory bandwidth of 25.6 Gb / s
  • Processors included in the third generation Intel ® Core ™ are: Core i3, Core i5, Core i7 and Core i7 Extreme

Intel® Core ™ Generation 4

Characteristics :

  • Released in 2012
  • Has the code name Haswell (the name Crystal Well is used specifically for some types of Processor i7 ending with QM)
  • DMI2 bus type with a 5 GT / s system bus
  • Standard lithography of 22 nm
  • Maximum RAM of 32 Gb (16Gb and already supports LPDDR3 for low power series) with a maximum memory bandwidth of 25.6 Gb / s
  • Processors included in the fourth generation Intel® Core ™ are: Core i3, Core i5, Core i7 and Core i7 Extreme

Intel® Core ™ Generation 5

Characteristics :

  • Released in 2013
  • Has a code name Broadwell
  • Ultra low power type
  • DMI2 bus type with a 5 GT / s system bus
  • Relatively small lithography (14 nm)
  • Supported technology to suppress TDP to 7.5 W
  • Maximum RAM of 16 Gb (already supports LPDDR3)
  • Processors included in the fifth generation Intel® Core ™ are: Core i3, Core i5, Core i7

Until now, Intel® Core ™ has only reached the fifth generation and has not yet received the next development. But this does not mean that Intel has stopped production of processors for the following years. Because it is certain that this time they are developing other new things that are being prepared to hit the computer world in times that will come.

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