Have you ever known about 3D printing technology? Maybe some of us know and have heard of it. Actually, the technology is already longer exist and are very popular in the whole parts of the world! This technology also has many benefits for life.
So, what is actually the technology of 3D printing is ? and How is the process?
Let’s discuss about it
What is 3D Printing ?
3D printing is a technology that was first created in the 1980s. Created the first time by Chuck Hull of 3D Systems Corp. Since the time that 3D printers continue to evolve and be used as widely.
3D printing is a technology to print using a machine printing special so that the results were obtained in the form of 3D. Machine printing the have the sophistication special, which is able to print the object, which is equal exactly to the image the soft file – her, in the form of 3D (no longer limited to print the image on top of the paper only).
What are its uses?
Results of 3D printing is used in prototyping (model) as well as the industry is extensive, such as in architectural, automotive, military, industrial medical, fashion, systems information geographic up biotech (replacement tissues of the body of man).
For example, in the manufacture of shoes were made by one of the brands renowned the world, the soles already started using 3D printing, which would greatly be customized according the shoes.
What is the Material that used ?
Usually, to make 3D printing multiple materials that regular use is Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) and Polylactic acid or polylactide (PLA). The second material is derived from the group of thermoplastics that have properties easily formed when heated and becomes solid back when cooled. The advantages of the material thermoplastic that can be recycled again or processed back is repeated so that a more hospitable environment. For the material mix (to make a track road highway for example) also exist in fact, but it is still in the stage of development. This limitation applies also to product coloring. Whatever colors that exist in the image, the products are printed will only be having one color in accordance with the material that exist in the printer. Because that, when it wants to apply the colors that vary for one product, needs to be done painting it manually using pilox or dye other.
How about the process ?
To produce 3D Printing, you must first understand how to make 3D modeling. Because to make the design, of course you have to understand 3D modeling techniques.
Creating designs using software specifically for the model design 3D (Auto CAD, and software animation 3D) which supports the printer, for example, you’re designing a picture of 3D robot or to experiment with the use of software design in 3D.
Secondly, after in the design, then print using a machine printer specialized in 3D with materials that mentioned in the above. The process of printing was started, the length of print hung large and the size of the model.
Lastly, is the process of finishing. Step it requires skills and materials special. When the object the first time printed, often not be directly used or shipped. Why ? Because usually it will be sanded, varnished or painted first. Materials were chosen for the project will determine the method of printing which are the most suitable.
Well, it was her glance around the technology of 3D printing. If in times of appearance originally only had a very diverse functions, imagine will be just as astounding what to front.
Here are the advantages of 3D printing technology compared to traditional manufacturing processes:
- Friendly customization process
One of the advantages of the most prominent are inherent in 3D printing is its ability to produce designs in custom. It is to be very useful if you need to replace one of the parts of which suffered damage to the product that has been there. For example, you have a business haulage using trucks. When one of the parts of the engine of the truck suffered damage, you can manufacture only parts of it using a 3D printer. You don’t need to produce it in mass and waste materials.
2. Save costs on raw materials
Technology 3D printing allows you to use a material that is required as minimum as possible when producing the part. For example, you want to make one part using aluminum. Generally, the block will be placed in the system CAD and excess material will be cut to make parts such. In the process of this, the possibility of large as much as 60% -70% of aluminum will be pieces that are not used for later melted down and used in the process further. However, with 3D printing, you do not need to do the smelting and spent source power. Cost of production also can be pressed by significantly.
3. Over many goods are produced at near point of purchase
The presence of 3D printing is considered will make the process of production of goods is much to do in close to the point of consumption or purchase. Not not possible the process will occur in the level of home stairs. With other words, will there are lots of items or products that may initially rely on the efficiency in the production of large-scale, now must do the shifting into the realm of local. Industry car, for example, is now only produced by hundreds of factories in the whole world. With their 3D printing, later on they can be produced in areas that are more specific. Parts of the engine can be produced at the dealership or repair shop, while the factory assembly could save by simply assembling components are required.
4. Environmentally friendly manufacturing process
The impact of 3D printing is also felt in the environmental sector. When compared to manufacturing traditional which tends to ” dirty “, then the process of production that do 3D printing is neat and clean. It is still associated with a reduction in the material that is used so as not no material be produced in vain.