IoT or “Internet of Things” is about connecting things over a wireless network so that they can monitor, control, perform tasks remotely. In other words the Internet of Things is a unit of computing device systems that are interconnected or communicating, both mechanical and digital mechanisms, such as humans, animals, and any object that is equipped with unique identification and is able to transfer data through the internet network without requiring human to human assistance. or human to computer.
Internet of Things (IoT) technology, is a technology with a high level of sophistication. With the Internet of Things, heart implants can be monitored, animals are monitored with biochip transponders, car vehicles that have sensors to alert drivers when a flat tire. In essence, these objects or objects can be given an IP address and have the ability to transfer data through the internet network.
Simply put in our lives, the example of the Internet of Things is the forefront of devices that are at home water heaters, washing machines, lights, window curtains, chairs, doors, kitchen appliances have IP addresses that are connected to the internet and we can control remotely.
There are endless opportunities that IoT has introduced to humanity, from a system that closes curtains automatically after detecting sunlight exposure that is more than needed in a room to a simple light socket that can be controlled remotely to provide or stop the flow of electricity to the appliance, to IT infrastructure for supply chain companies to track all products, pallets, containers, and transportation with the right Geo-location data, now ready to redefine the world like the internet a few decades ago.
- IoT and agriculture
IoT is one of the technologies developed, and also sensor-based technology. Various sensors to measure temperature, humidity, water quality, changes in chemicals, smoke, proximity, pressure, gas pressure etc. are used to build applications.
Here are some examples that explain how sensors that are activated by IoT can help Farmers.
- IoT monitors soil quality
Land is the main raw material in agriculture. Soil quality that supports better crop production depends entirely on the humidity, temperature, and electrical conductivity. For several years, farmers relied on their assumptions and past experience to measure soil quality and produce corps. But this method often does not return with the best results.
Sensor-IoT can help farmers find true soil moisture. Excessive drought or wet soil can damage plants. The data generated by the sensor is sent to the system that analyzes it and then generates and reflects notifications on the mobile device. Moving forward, data can be used to automate / control water flow on land.
Examples of similar systems are presented by CropX. The company produces hardware and software systems that help farmers measure temperature, humidity, and electrical conductivity on the ground.
- IoT Prevents Fire
Farmers are always worried about the safety of agricultural storage. There are several things that can jeopardize hard work for months. Fire is the key. Wheat silos and elevators, for example, are dangerous places. There are conveyor belts that are used by farmers to make their work simple. But they are all vulnerable to fire.
IoT sensors can inform about danger by tracking grain silos and elevators. Farmers can use these sensors to establish basic performance norms and create warnings and alarms for fire conditions caused by rising temperatures.
- IoT sensors make equipment smart
IoT can help farmers increase crop yields, reduce grain loss, and automatically optimize equipment performance. IoT sensors can power farmers to manage all their ownership in computers or mobile devices. The system will collect data and use it in field mapping, fertilizer planning, and several other operations that make farming easier.
- IoT-Drone Managing agricultural land
Farmers also use IoT-enabled sensor drones for surveying, mapping, and imaging their farmland. Data collected from drones can be used to do a lot of agricultural work including plant scanning, plant health monitoring, field surveys, plant stress monitoring, yield monitoring, drought assessment, and so on.
In addition, this drone can also be programmed for certain field surveys. They collect visual, thermal and multispectral images during flight and can also land in the same place. PrecisionHawk is a software company in the US that provides similar Drone and UAV remote sensing services to several industries including agriculture and construction.
- Livestock Monitoring
Many farmers involved in livestock breeding can also use IoT sensors to collect data for the location, welfare and health of their animals. With this information, farmers can better monitor livestock such as identifying sick animals so that they can be separated from others to avoid spreading the disease.
These sensors can also help farmers reduce labor costs. These IoT sensors, in addition to placing cows on the farm, can also observe whether certain cows are pregnant or about to give birth or are in heat and are ready for fertilization.
So this is how the IoT sensor can help farmers in several ways. These sensors produce data. Data can control things that are responsible for better agriculture.
Discussions about IoT have been going on for a long time around the world and as we try to understand how this will affect our lives.
We also have to try to understand what opportunities and challenges are ahead because more and more devices are starting to connect with IoT. For now the best thing we can do is educate ourselves about what IoT is and the potential impact that can occur in the future.
The application of the Internet of Things certainly has a role in personal, social and cultural life. Technology is increasingly developing and increasingly complex human activities require efficiency and speed.
So this is where the role of the Internet of Things to humans, accelerate, improve, service, and savings in daily activities both in personal life and industrial business.
Due to the fact that IoT technology allows opportunities and connections that are almost endless to happen, many of them we cannot even think about or fully understand the impact. That makes it hard for us to see how and why IoT is the hottest topic of discussion to this day around the world.
Internet of Things gives birth to many opportunities as well as challenges ahead. The biggest challenge is the security problem that arises most often.
With billions of devices connected to the internet, can we ensure that our device information and activities remain safe and not sabotaged by others? Are we sure there is no one who accesses all devices and ensures safe? Are we sure our company and business network is safe from hacking someone ?. These are all the challenges that occur behind the use of Internet of Things technology.
As I mentioned, if all devices have an on and off button to the internet then that possibility could be part of IoT. Company analyst Gartner said that by 2020 there will be more than 26 billion devices connected to the internet. The point is Internet of Things creates a giant internet network in the world.