The Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming an increasingly hot topic of discussion in the era of the industrial revolution 4.0 because the concept has not only the potential to affect our lifestyle but also how we work. So what exactly is the Internet of Things? Are there any significant impacts? Are you ready to explore the complexities that exist around the Internet of Things? Before diving deeper, it helps you hold on to the basics first.

What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?

Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept of computing about everyday objects that are connected to the internet and are able to identify themselves to other devices. According to the RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) identification method, the term IoT belongs to the communication method, although IoT can also include other sensor technology, wireless technology or QR codes (Quick Response). Internet connection is an amazing thing, it can give us all kinds of benefits that previously might be difficult to obtain. Take your cellphone before becoming a smartphone as an example.You can call and send text messages with your old cell phone. But, now you can read books, watch movies, or listen to music through your smartphone that is connected to the Internet. So, the Internet of Things is actually a fairly simple concept, which means connecting all physical objects in everyday life to the Internet.

Internet of Things (IoT) Principles

The term “Internet of Things” consists of two main parts namely the Internet that regulates connectivity and Things, which means objects or devices.Simply put, you have “Things” that have the ability to collect data and send it to the Internet. This data can be accessed by other “Things” as well. There are around seven basic principles that sustain IoT.

1. Big Analog Data

Big Analog Data can be obtained from a variety of natural sources such as light, radio signals, vibrations, temperature, etc., and can be generated by mechanical or electronic equipment. Big Analog Data is the biggest and fastest type of Big Data when compared to other Big Data types. So, in many cases, Big Analog Data needs to be treated specifically.

2. Perpetual Connectivity

                Perpetual Connectivity is connectivity that constantly connects devices to the Internet. IoT which is always connected and active can provide three main benefits such as:

  • Monitor: Continuous monitoring that provides knowledge containing real time information about the use of a product or user in an industrial environment.
  • Maintain: Continuous monitoring allows us to make improvements or certain actions as needed.
  • Motivate: Constant and ongoing connectivity with consumers or workers enables business people or owners of organizations to motivate others to buy products, take action, and so on.

3. Really Real Time

                The real time definition for IoT is different from the real time definition in general. Real time actually starts from the sensor or when the data is obtained. Real time for IoT does not start when data is about network switches or computer systems.

4. The Spectrum of Insight

                “Spectrum of Insight” comes from IoT data relating to its position in the five phases of data flow namely real time, in motion (moving), early life, at rest (at rest), and archives. Still related to the previous point about real time on IoT, real time is needed to determine the direct response of the control system. At the other end of the spectrum, data archived in a data center or cloud can be retrieved for comparative analysis of newer data.

5. Immediacy Versus Depth

                Armed with computers and IoT solutions in this digital age, there will be an exchange between the speed and depth that we get. That is, one can immediately get “Time-to-Insight” on imperfect analytics such as temperature comparisons or fast Fourier transforms to determine whether turning a wheel on a tram will cause an accident. Time here is needed to get insight (insight) in-depth about a data. Data collected requires a long time to be analyzed and a large number of back-end computer devices.

6. Shift Left

                As explained in the previous point, to get a quick and comprehensive insight is very difficult. However, some engineers managed to overcome the difficulties and get it. This phenomenon is called “The Genius of the AND”. The drive to gain insights will produce sophisticated data analysis and analysis that is usually provided for the cloud or data center.

7. The Next V

                Big Data is usually marked with a “V” that is Volume, Velocity, Variety, and Value. The next V in question is Visibility. When data is collected, data scientists around the world must be able to see and access it as needed. Visibility offers a convenience that makes users do not have to transfer large amounts of data to people or distant locations.

The following are examples of other IoT devices that have been widely used in the digital age.

Nest Smart Thermostat

Nest is a thermostat that is connected to the internet. Nest is able to learn your routine and will automatically adjust the temperature when you are at home or outside, awake or sleeping, hot or cold. Nest will make your home more efficient and help you save on heating and cooling bills. The mobile application allows you to edit schedules, change temperatures when you are not at home.

August Smart Lock

With a smart lock device, you don’t need a lock anymore because the lock will open automatically when you get home and lock when you close the door. You can also give a guest key to a friend or household assistant and set an expire time when you no longer want to give access to your home.

Automatic Car Tracking Adapter

Automatic Car Tracking Adapter can track information about your car using an in-car adapter. This device tracks mileage, clock drive, fuel costs, fuel efficiency, location, and so on. You can connect it with other applications to get more benefits. Many vehicles in this era already have IoT capabilities so that owners can monitor further.


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