Agriculture is the foundation base of the economy of a nation , with the development of agriculture which is good , then the economy of a nation will be stable . History proves the influence of agriculture on a nation’s economy is directly proportional , the nation can be said to be advanced if all the people are met primary needs namely the food . At the time of the same production of agricultural supply industry second and third with material mental and sources of power finance , which is the foundation base of a nation ,
Countries we are state farms that produce and consume the results of the farm . Agriculture solves many of the problems of the need for food and shelter for the 300 million Indonesian population . Agriculture in Indonesia, many are still using the technology of traditional due to the condition of Indonesia which is fertile and no shortage of water. Moreover, Indonesia is located in a mountainous ring of fire so that Indonesia’s soil is very fertile . With the situation as it then Indonesia could become a country producing food the largest in the world with application of technologies advanced . Indonesia can become a country exporting the results of the farm for the whole world. With the requirement that sufficiently high to be ingredients of food can be said that with the technology of agriculture that forward results were obtained from the results of the farm will be quite large . Chain of supply for agriculture when it really is not advantageous because the management are scattered and lack the point of intersection in agriculture , so that a sense of safe , efficient , operations were smooth and sempuran in network systems of production agriculture is not able diteraopkan . Technology Internet of Things can resolve the issues above with a solution that efiesien and decent used . At the time of this , Intenet of things, by the time the real-time and accurately , can provide a change in the chain of supply of agricultural and providing technologi which makes the supply logistics of agricultural smoothly .
Strength IOT fit once in implemented in the field of agriculture because of the characteristics of the field of agriculture , which has the potential to once touched by IOT. The following examples of application of IOT in the field of agriculture :
Optimization of agricultural products is influenced by certain situations such as weather forecasts , soil conditions , and market needs for certain crops . To produce a decision that the right of farmers requiring real-time data about the condition of the weather when it is . Technology Wireless, System GPS and cloud can help farmers to respect this .
Monitoring the number of pests using a sensor network can be a solution . When the sensor detects the amount of pest nuisance too high , the information it can be delivered to the system automatically controlling pests to take action . This can replace the use of pesticides in some cases .
The use of source power is effective
Source power major in agriculture is water and elements of nutrient soil . Components of this should be used as efficiently . Shortage of water and elements of nutrient soil are enemies of prime that could lead to failed harvests . So that its use must be managed and controlled in detail and precisely . Using the power of IOT, farmers can measure and detect from an early shortage of components-kompenen major in agriculture this . Then it efficiently , to manage the use of energy that is used . Everything in real-time.
Optimization of production operations
Agricultural production operations include fertilizing , spraying pests and harvesting . All activity is using the machine – the machine or equipment specifically . By using IoT, farmers can find out in real-time the position of their equipment . With the existence of the data that they do the analysis and determine the right where area operation production with efficient . It will have an impact on the results of the farm them .
The application of Internet of Thing on the farm can be used based on the need to be ingredients of food in the whole world which is increasing every year . Internet of Things is not applied to agricultural supply chains but also sensor technology for water use , sensors to detect pest attacks , and also sensors that maintain the temperature of environmental conditions . With the implementation of the results of the farm can be increased by leaps and bounds .
IoT technology uses applications that process information and infrastructure . Internet of Things (IOT) applications are similar to the realization of agricultural production knowledge , management , decision making , related to agricultural production . Applications Internet Of Things (IOT) includes facilities psoes the data growth of plants , the management of digital out of production , the distribution of data, user interface and intelligent network services and decision-making.
The concept of Internet Of Things associated with the network, which menkoneksikan all things with the Internet via radio frequency identification ( RFID), sensors, global positioning systems (GPS), laser scanners and sensor information other according to the protocol which is approved and the exchange of information that get idetifikasi knowledge , tracking the location , monitoring and management .
Networks can perform identification in automated on objects and locations , track , monitor and trigger correspondent events . By using tyeknologi RFID to perform scanning and reading EPC tags on items and get information idetitas of goods and distribute information related to the goods it .
When is the architecture of the Internet of things is divided on three layers , namely : a sensor layer, layer network (network), and a layer of applications . The structure of the layer of the Internet of things is shown below this :
In the sensor layer comprises the layer pengakusisi of data, sensor nerwork automatic and middleware programs.
Key technology Internet of Thing is where technology relying on RFID, technology sensors and technology network communications and cloud computing.
With the Internet of Thing all data is obtained in realtime . Starting from the upstream data to the final data . With perkambangan technology that is extremely fast and integrated on the Internet of Thing agriculture will increase the results of the farm and is kept constant .
Starting from the nursery , irrigation , fertilizer and also supervision terhadpat pests make the results of the farm can be increased as well as the distribution to consumers also continue constantly to meet the needs of the National and the needs of the export proceeds of production agriculture .
Popular at the time is the system layer to three which is the layer of perception , the layer of the network and the layer of the application . Layer perception includes RFIg Tags, Readers RFID, cameras , sensors, sensor networks and other , which is a solution the main of problem perception , recognize objects and collect information . Network Layer is the main part of the internet of things. This layer is the infrastructure of the Internet of Thins for universal service .
At this time the internet of things has been applied to stop by throughout the industry . which includes agriculture as a whole , industrial control, building control , vehicle scheduling , environmental testing , remote diagnostics, and smart homes and urban management . Which is the most important agriculture .
Analysis of the Internet of Thing from agriculture . In the beginning, agriculture used manual data collected and used bar codes. This causes delays , errors and lack of information from the field .
Technology RFID and cloud computing diintregrasikan with information production , distribusan and keamann quality of agriculture very efeksi . It allows us to be able to create a system that monitors and tracks all information about agricultural material .
Analysis of the Internet of things can start to do from the stage production , stage of delivery and to the consumer . It is making the production of agriculture since the start produced to the hands of consumers have the data information that is detailed and accurate .
Data information from the Internet of Thing allows an increase in the results of agriculture nationwide and logistics to the hands of consumers there is complete data as a whole . Data allows accurate and realtime information to be obtained directly .
 Li Hang, Chen Houjin , Key technology and application prospect of the internet of things, Forum on Science and Technology in China, 2011.
[ 2] Mo Lianguang , Study on Supply-Chain of Agricultural Products Based on IOT, 2014 Sixth International Conference on Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation (ICMTMA), 2014, 627 – 631.
 Israni , S., Meharkure , H., & Yelore , P. (2015). Application of IoT Based Systems for Advance Agriculture in India. International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, 3 (11), 10831-10837.