Industri 4.0 is the name of the trend of automation and exchange of data the latest in technology factory . The term of this include the system of cyber-physical , internet for all , computing cloud , and computational cognitive .
Historically , the revolution industry began with the discovery engine steam around the year 1784, then as the development of the times, the needs will be the production of further increasing the discovery sebauh tool process of production of mass that become points of major industry 2.0 around the year 1870. Later stage further industrial 3.0 flagged with the presence of computers which are the starting point of the digital revolution era, which combines innovations in the fields of electronics and information technology . The production process also changed , until finally it became industry 4.0.
Industry 4.0 produces ” smart factories “. In the factory intelligent structured , modular , system of cyber-physical oversee the process of physical , create a copy of the world physically be virtual, and make decisions that are not centralized . Through the Internet for everything (IoT) . S Elain Internet of Things, there is also the term Big Data play a role important in the Revolution Industrial 4.0. B ig of data is the entire information that is stored in the cloud. Big data analytics and cloud computing , will help early detection of defects and production failures , thus enabling the prevention or improvement of productivity and quality of a product based on recorded data . It is able to occur because of the analysis of data large with a system 6c, ie connection, cyber, content / context, community, and customization. system of cyber-physical communicate and work together with one each other and humans are the same . Through computing cloud , the service internally and across organizations is provided and used by the various parties in the chain of value .
There are four design principles in Industry 4.0. The principles of this helps the company to identify and implement scenarios Industry 4.0.
- Interoperability ( suitability ): The ability of machines , devices , sensors, and humans to relate and communicate with one each other via the Internet for all (IOT) or the Internet to audiences ( IOP ).
- Transparency of information : The ability of the system information to create a copy of the world physically as virtual to enrich the model plant digital with the sensor data. This principle requires the collection of raw sensor data in order to produce high – value context information .
- Help Technical : First , the ability of the system assistance to help humans to collect and make visualization of information as a whole in order to make decisions wisely and resolve problems precarious that sudden . Second , the ability of the system of cyber-physical to help humans in physically by doing a series of tasks that are not pleasant , too heavy , or not safe for humans .
- The decision independently : The ability of the system of cyber-physical to make decisions themselves and perform tasks as independent as possible . If exceptions , distractions occur , or there are opposing goals , the task is delegated to the employer .
For the Indonesian state, entered into revolution industry 4.0 still has not bi sa done . Because according to me , there are some things that slightly inhibit Indonesia in entering revolution industry “smart pabric ” it .
First , the technology that has been applied in Indonesia, especially in the factories of Indonesia, not using technology that is advanced or if already there are several factories large that using technology advanced , the number of factories that still can be calculated , while the factory that there diIndonesia S in number around 26, 7 million ( according to the Central Statistics Agency at the 2016 Economic Census ).
Second , Source of Power Man that there diIndonesia not many were trained to use the technology that is advanced , such that we know for this , workers who received in several factories in Indonesia are not many who have the ability and skill specialized mainly in utilizing the technology advanced . It was , resulting in workers alien many enter and work in factories in Indonesia. And, as already bi sa entered the era of revolution industry 4.0 workers who needed to be reduced and replaced by machines and computers are sophisticated , and the case is going to cause a problem that is complicated for indo ne it causes unemployment are increasingly rising even source power of Man that used to use Such advanced technology may not originate from one’s own country .
According Gati Wibawaningsih ( Director General of Industry of Small and Medium Enterprises ) ” Talking revolution Industry 4.0, we talk about the S umber of Power Man and technology . When the technology is already advanced , S umber Power of Man must be bi sa adaptation “. As a result, many companies providers ja s a training menganai technology Menda p at a lot of requests for training increase the ability of the S umber D aya M anusia in Indonesia.
In February 2018 , the Central Bureau of Statistics released the Rate of Unemployment Open in Indonesia with the number of unemployed reached 6.87 million . With a number of these , pa r a unemployment that would oppose if Indonesia wants to enter into the revolution of industry 4.0. if at the time before the industry 4.0 already difficult search for jobs , industry 4.0 will make them not bi sa for work and income .
Third , money that is very widely used, especially in the world industry is the dollar. Such that we know , when want to buy a technology advanced , must perform import from outside the country and use the money dollar of course . “Sector that contains import high will be disturbed weakening rupiah, but se c tor the orientation of exports will benefit ” said Chief Economist of Bank Mandiri Anton H Gunawan . Things are imported not only the technology at the plant , but b a a multitude of material raw that will be processed in the plant is an ingredient that should be imported from the outside , so that the value of the exchange between the rupiah and the dollar continues to weaken will hamper industry sector in Indonesia it appears logical , and causing Indonesia increasingly difficult for bi sa sign in the revolution of industry 4.0 in the future .
Fourth , no uneven development in Indonesia is a thing that can hamper Indonesia entered the revolution industry 4.0, many sources of power that are spread in all over Indonesia are not partly offset by the development of the uniform , during this development centered in areas dense population such as the island of Java , for example, as in the island pa p ua , many point oil crude that will be processed but not bi sa directly processed at near point it , it must be sent to the area other even in other countries to then be processed and can be exploited oil in the life of a day today , things that can not erjadi due yet the uneven development of the infrastructure that is there , the infrastructure supplying electricity that is not adequately download j adi salat one cause .
The problems are encountered , when p e merintah already planning the construction of the area , which is not only centered on the island or area terntentu , but the budget is not sufficient to realize the construction . Plan to realize the construction of the evenly in indo Eng also had to be postponed , and a dream to enter the revolution of industry 4.0 also postponed . Because the budget is not only to build the infrastructure that is related to the industry sector, but the problem well-being of the people also become tanggunagan government in the use of the state budget, for example, such as sectors of Education, Health , and so forth .
Entering revolution industry 4.0 for Indonesia, according to my still be a dream for Indonesia, Indonesia certainly biased into it , but not in time that is close to this , still many problems that must be solved first advance to bias into the industry 4.0 .