Industry 4.0 is a term that is used to refer to the process of development that occurred in the field of management of manufacturing. The term is also referred to in revolution industrial fourth which occurred revolution automation of process manufacturing to a level that is just to introduce the technology of production of mass that flexible and adjustable.
The term Industrial 4.0 the first time introduced to the public in the year 2011 as the ” Industrie 4.0″ by a group of representatives from various fields (such as business, politics, and academia) to improve power competitiveness of industrial manufacturing in Germany. 4.0 is an initiative of strategic that recently it was introduced by the government Germany. The aim of this initiative is the transformation of industrial manufacturing through digitalization and exploitation of the potential of new technologies. With Thus, the system of production Industry 4.0 flexible and allows products are customized by the individual and special.
World in around us has changed every day along with the development of human civilization. Therefore, the technical development and production technology have also changed. Industry 4.0 is a model that shows how industrial production follows the latest developments and changes over time. Thus, humans, machines and production are themselves forces in a network that is intelligent and independent. The use of digital technology is causing drastic changes in business models. To achieve this, what is called digital innovation is needed. To turn many innovations into reality as quickly as possible, production must become more flexible. Two factors that will help to achieve the goal of this is the solution the device hardware and device software for data evaluation. Industrial production is currently driven by global competition and the need for rapid production adaptation to changing market demands. Because of the importance of the transition is to the position of a country in the market globally, some of the initiatives that led the government introduced in the whole world to support the transition.
The Industrial Revolution 4.0 applies the concept of automation is done by machine without the need for human labor its application. Where things are a matter of vital required by the perpetrators of the industry for the sake of efficiency of time, energy work, and costs. Application of Revolution Industrial 4.0 in factories when it is also known by the term Smart Factory. Not only that, at this time data retrieval or exchange can also be done on time when needed, through the internet network. So that the process of production and bookkeeping are running in the factory can by parties that concerned when any and where just over an internet connection. When we look back at the 3.0 Industrial Revolution which is the starting point of the digital revolution era, which combines innovation in the fields of Electronics and Information Technology. There is debate whether the Revolution Industrial 4.0 match called as a revolution industry or simply an extension or development of the Revolution Industrial 3.0. But in fact, the development of the Industrial Revolution 3.0 to the Industrial Revolution 4.0 was very significant, new things that had never before existed in the era of the Industrial Revolution 3.0 began to be discovered. The experts believe the era is era of the Revolution Industrial 4.0, because there are a lot of innovative new in the Industry 4.0, including the Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, 3D printing, Artificial Intelligence (AI), a vehicle without a driver, engineering genetics, robotics and smart engine. One of the biggest things in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is the Internet of Things.
There are three basic foundations of the 4.0 industrial revolution, namely permanently connected Internet connectivity or the Internet of things (IoT), large- scale data (big data) and data storage techniques in the cloud (cloud computing). Internet of things has made possible the systematic integration of the initial phase of data collection, processing, analysis, to the phase of data utilization that is able to provide maximum value to users in a short time. The third aspect of the whole ecosystem of digital this has allowed a variety of simulated use of intelligence artificial and its integration into a variety of things can be accelerated utilization. The process can provide useful insights for factory management. The data is processed by means of sophisticated (analytical and algorithms) to generate information that logic. The data is processed it also may help to consider the problem that is seen and not seen in the factory industry. Algorithm-making information to be able to detect a problem that does not look like the degradation machinery and thirst components.
The stages in the development of industrial manufacturing systems from manual work to the concept of Industry 4.0 can be presented as a pathway through the four industrial revolutions. The first industrial revolution began with mechanization and mechanical power generation in the 1800s. This brings the transition from manual work to the first manufacturing process; most large in the industrial textile. Improving the quality of life is a major driver of change. The second industrial revolution was triggered by electrification which allowed industrialization and mass production. Often mentioned in the context of this is a quote from Henry Ford, who said about the car T-Model Ford ‘You can have the color of anything else as long as black.’ Excerpts catch with a good introduction to the production of bulk but without the possibility of customization of products. The third industrial revolution was marked by digitalization with the introduction of microelectronics and automation. In the making of this facilitates the production of the flexible, in which various products are produced on lines of production that is flexible with a machine that can be programmed. But the system of production as it still has not had the flexibility regarding the quantity of production.
Now this we are in a revolution industrial fourth which is triggered by the development of Technologies of Information and Communication. The technology base is intelligent automation of physical- cyber systems with decentralized control and sophisticated connectivity. The concept of Industry 4.0 will in most companies be realized using available equipment and technology. Only when a new production system is planned, will there be an opportunity to design a production system that is from scratch as an Industry 4.0 system. Therefore, one of the challenges is how existing standards will be integrated into new concepts.
When this k ethics considering the condition of Industry 4.0 today, it is important to understand the prerequisites that must be met so that new concepts can be introduced in industrial manufacturing systems. At least the following things must be fulfilled:
• Production stability must also be guaranteed during the transition phase.
• Gradual investment must be possible because most industrial processes cannot bear a large investment once.
• Good knowledge protection is needed. Closely connected is the issue of cyber security.
The Industry 4.0 concept is not limited to direct manufacturing in companies, but also includes a complete value chain from provider to customer and all company businesses function and service. Industry 4.0 assumes broad support of the entire life cycle of systems, products and series, spatially distributed and organizationally. Smart products are not only smart during the manufacturing process but they continue to provide data about their situation as well as for their lifetime. This data can be used for preventive maintenance; it can provide useful information for producers about the lifetime and reliability of their products. Industry 4.0 is an Internet of Things specialization that is applied to the manufacturing/industrial environment. This assumes real-time data collection which leads to problems in handling and analyzing big data and cyber security.
Industry 4.0 is often regarded as a technology that is disturbing that will open the way to the generation of new of system manufacturing industry which will be very different from that exist . Furthermore, Industry 4.0 is generally adopted as the concept of the fourth industrial revolution. However, the opinion this requires a view that is more close since the revolution industrial fourth is a revolutionary industry first that was announced earlier and not when the revolution the industry has been developing fully. Industry 4.0 also can be considered as the transformation of nature of the system of production industry which is fueled by the trend of digitalization. The hypothesis is supported by a comparison of the topic ‘conventional’ in the system of production industries and topics Industry 4.0. Clear that the problem topic of the main do not really change, just with technology and approach to the new problems.