The difference between military drones and ordinary drones
Military drones take over aerial surveys. Drones are not only used for war, but are also used for traffic safety and control in countries that are not obsolete. Surveillance is the main use of military drones, the main difference from military drones and ordinary drone technology is that military drones can carry payloads in the form of missiles as well as ordinary surveillance while commercial drones are intended for aerial surveying (mapping-photography) carrying payloads in the form of cameras – additional burden like sonar sensors and others
UAV system control
UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) or unmanned aircraft are defined as aircraft without a pilot in it that can fly automatically (autonomus) by auto pilot or remotely controlled. UAVs have been developed for various purposes such as sensing for civilians or the military to regional monitoring. Avionics as aviation electronic equipment includes all electronic systems designed for use in aircraft, such as the autopilot system, GCS (Ground Control System), and Telemetry. Monitoring environmental conditions from the air using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) equipped with a camera requires a camera software capable of sending data to Ground Control Station (GCS). GCS can also be used to send orders.
In this study the command sent was the autopilot command. This command is used to direct the UAV to a position that you want to monitor. The command data sent is in the form of the destination longitude and latitude coordinates. To activate the autopilot, a command delivery system from GCS is needed. So that after the data is received by the UAV, the UAV is able to process the required data and run the autopilot command based on the command data that has been sent. GCS has been designed to regulate flight planning.
The capabilities of the GCS system that have been designed include entering UAV names into the system, entering flight names that use certain UAVs, receiving state data from UAVs, such as Altitude, position (Longitude and latitude), direction, and row, pitch, and yaw , can display Streaming Video from UAVs, can save and display the flight history of a flight, and can control UAVs by entering WayPoint and Home. Keywords: Waypoint, Streaming, Altitude, Longitude, Latitude.
The presence of Indonesian military drone technology
The increasingly sophisticated technological innovation pushed Indonesia to continue to modernize combat equipment including all things that support military activities. One of them is the ownership of a drone. Drones are drones that don’t need a pilot to drive them. The reconnaissance aircraft as Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has become the fastest growing technology in the world. Besides being able to be used to help human daily activities, this tool can also be useful for military purposes. some military drones that have been and will be used by the Indonesian military
By the manufacturer, Aerostar is called TUAV (Tactitcal Unmanned Aerial Vehicle). There is a tactitcal identity based on its role as executor of the roles of intelligence, aerial reconnaissance, and target acquisition. Armed with MALE’s capabilities, this drone can carry out real-time surveillance and intelligence tasks over a wide range of coverage over a long period of time.
For control systems, such as the Wulung drone, the Aerostar control unit is carried out from the GCS (Ground Control Station), the mechanism can be done remotely through the LoS (Line of Sight) line up to a distance of 200 km, can also be run automatically by using GPS waypoints. And of course for long-distance operations are usually done relying on data link facilities from satellites. While supporting communication between aircraft with GCS is provided directional antenna and multi-channel data link system made by Commtact.
Rajawali 350 is a large-sized drone weighing up to 120 kg which resembles a helicopter that adopts a 25 Kw turbine engine with an operating radius of 120 km with an altitude reaching 4,500 meters. While the speed of this drone can go up to 145 km per hour. The Rajawali 350 drone was used by Indonesian Navy soldiers to oversee the activities of various ships that flew in the ocean.
Drones that already carry military standards can land automatically, even in emergencies, Rajawali 350 can land with the help of a parachute. Related to operations in the ocean, maybe what you have to watch out for is temperature (temperature) which sometimes if it is too hot can disrupt the electronic system. In its specifications, Rajawali 350 is capable of flying safely at temperatures of -30 to 40 degrees Celsius.
Indonesian military drones that will be imported soon (quoted from jakartagreater.com)
MALE Drone made in Turkey
Not yet mentioned what type of Drone MALE will be purchased by the Indonesian Ministry of Defense. But in Indo Defense 2018 in Jakarta Turkish Aerospace brought a full scale model of UAV Anka. The company is pursuing the sale of an export system to the Indonesian Armed Forces.
Anka UAV has been operating in the Turkish Armed Forces for more than two years. Operated variants include light attack, SIGINT and ISR. Turkey uses a system with a laser-guided smart bomb that can carry 4 units. In total 41 Anka UAVs are under contract with the Turkish Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of the Interior with more units expected to be ordered. Ozmen said that the request for proposal (RfP) from Indonesia asked for both ISR variants and those armed with UAVs.
The Turkish Aerospace company is interested in highlighting technology transfer proposals for Indonesia and has had several technical discussions with Jakarta after the industrial day held in August 2018, with the note that PT Dirgantara Indonesia (PTDI) will act as an industry partner.
PT DI and TAI signed a framework agreement in July 2017 regarding aviation cooperation. “There is a strong focus on technology transfer … they were [Turkey] 10 to 15 years ago,” Ozmen commented. Going forward, Ozmen said that Turkish Aerospace has cooperated with Indonesia regarding the development of future UAVs that will follow from Anka.
The next generation UAV will have increased payload capability and will become a twin-engine aircraft. Ozmen wants to highlight that this is a continuous development and will not be completed for the next few years. Anka MALE UAV has accumulated more than 10,000 flight hours to date and completed operations in active conflict like the one in Syria.
This UAV has a wingspan of 17.5 m, a length of 8.6 m and a height of 3.25 m. It can remain on flights for up to 24 hours and has a service ceiling of up to 30,000 feet. The company has also conducted unmanned manned trials of UAVs with the Atak T129 helicopter.
CH-4 Drone made in China
Quoted from militaryfactory.com, the combat drone that will be acquired by the TNI is CASC CH-4 Rainbow made by China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation. The difference is, if Searcher II can only peek at the enemy position, then the CH-4 Rainbow entered the category of Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) which can search for the whereabouts of the enemy while eliminating it with missiles or bombs that
For sensing, the CH-4 relies on forward-looking infrared (FLIR) devices, laser rangefinder and laser designator with a range of 15 km. The CH-4 is also equipped with Synthetic Aperture Radar where this tool can detect targets covered in fog, smoke and lush trees. Suitable for knowing the position of rebels who like to hide in the forest. CH-4 Rainbow has also been battle proven where it was used to bomb and devastate ISIS bases in Al-Anbar, Iraq.
In addition to the list of drones above there are many types of drones that are already owned by the Indonesian-made Indonesian fleet that are used for aerial aerial surveys with payload capabilities of up to 5kg such as wulung drones, etc. national defense system.