IoT or the Internet of Things is a complementary discourse for all of our digital lives. Maybe not all of us are aware, but IoT will be there. For example the development of driverless taxi a la Uber and Telstra (news here). Or something more personal like an alarm / security system for our home (news here). Although there are currently many trial and error processes with IoT devices and systems. I myself am sure there will be a time when IoT will become a part of our lives. See my article What is IoT (Internet of Things)?
When innovations like IoT become a part of human life. No doubt this discourse will become a literacy. IoT itself becomes a big part of digital literacy, the possibility of its integration into education is also potential. IoT in education itself will be more on its application to support teaching. Similar CMD or Computer-Mediated Learning is currently being applied to the classroom. IoT also has the dynamics of supporting the KBM process.
Then what kind of “form” IoT will have in the class. IoT itself develops the physical form of technology for human life. These objects are connected to the wireless network sensor protocol in a complex infrastructure. A simple example today is the LED lights in the living room that we can control with our cellphones. Or CCTV systems that are connected to our gadgets for greater security. Again, what forms of IoT can be used in class?
Rocha, et.al 2006 itself introduced VAC or Virtual Academic Communities. It implements a system where students interact with the physical form of computer components in the lab, they test with networks, and are facilitated by the teacher. But of course IoT itself will come in different forms in each subject / class / domain. And of course this needs to be developed and the target specifications themselves.
I myself imagine teaching English in an IoT context will be more colorful. Simply put, students will talk and consult with “robots”. The teacher herself will be an admin in the interaction. Even now we can use the “robot”. For example the voice search feature on Google / Siri / Cortana on our cellphones. Say the word when Google / Siri / Cortana is turned on in English. If our pronunciation is wrong / incorrect, our search results will be in shambles.
The HP features as above may be very simple. What if this IoT isn’t just voice recognition for our English pronunciation. There is now a face recognition, error spelling check, etc. on the internet. It may be that there will be a robot that can translate, correct speech / writing, or even “active conversation”.
The teacher as admin / manager of the class seems to have several assignments. Accumulating analytic learning, which is to see the progress of students from learning interactions with IoT. Maintain material in synchronous form (email / blog) and asynchronous (chat / instant messaging). And finally, it is the teacher who assesses and evaluates teaching and learning activities with the integration of IoT.
In essence, these opportunities exist and are potential to be implemented. Despite infrastructure constraints, maintenance, security and training for its human resources still exist, especially in Indonesia. IoT will be a part of life, and education, in the future. A thing that might be unavoidable when millennial generation will be more “familiar” with technology. Educators who are too conservative and old-fashioned will probably still exist. But it will be more difficult to recognize existing technology to support teaching.
IoT which is part of digital literacy can no longer be denied. When we are more obsessed with social media and gadgets. The potential to support education is not impossible. Although paper-and-chalkboard is the pedagogical foundation of educators. Understanding, applying, and evaluating technology in KBM also becomes an opportunity for progress. IoT will also be one of the opportunities for teachers to view technology as part of education. And in our mindset, technology has become a cultural artifact of today’s millennial generation
In the digital era and the development of IoT (Internet of Things) technology is inseparable from the potential that will be felt in the realm of education. Because education is an area that also requires a touch of technology to build a generation that is easier to accept subjects or lectures. Here are some IoT technologies that can be used for education.
1. Wearable Device
This technology, currently used on watches that can be connected to a smartphone. If this technology is further developed in education, every teacher and lecturer can monitor the position of students. That is, this technology can reduce the potential for skipping students by tracking student positions using wearable devices.
2. Personalized Learning
Devices that are always connected to the internet and connected to applications and software can be developed to personalize learning for students. For example, when the system is detected that a student experiences weaknesses in mathematics, the teacher can develop more intensive learning methods for this child that is focused on the detected subjects. This personalization will also make it easier for students to determine what is the right direction to develop their existing talents.
3. Automatic reporting
The development of school applications that can be accessed by parents is one of the fastest methods for reporting whether students enter or not. With the development of automatic reports like this, parents can check their children’s whereabouts at school through the mobile devices they have and no longer need to worry if their children skip class.
4. Study everywhere
Students who may be experiencing obstacles to take part in teaching and learning activities can follow students with a streaming system that is done internally or using school-specific applications. In this way, students no longer need to worry about not being able to take lessons when there are obstacles that really make these students or students unable to study at school such as sick or are recovering after illness.
Those are some IoT technologies that can be developed for Education. Hopefully education in Indonesia will soon apply the digitization method and facilitate learning by maximizing the potential of the Internet of Things (IoT).