The team led by Berners Lee, the Father of the Internet, was the first to discover the internet browser in the world in early 1991 at CERN.
The browser not only functions for viewing websites, but also as an editor. Tim Berners Lee discovered an interactive internet world. The target is the engineering and informatics circles. The browser becomes a tool for knowledge management. In addition, they can create their own websites and customize other websites as desired.

The birth of web 2.0 returns the internet to its original function and makes it more interactive. This is the era of YouTube, Wikipedia, and blogs. There is no other invention outside the browser that allows people to shop online, check email, or conduct banking transactions online. However, the diversity of these functions raises weaknesses. The browser is the target of attacks by hackers. Cracks in PHP scripts, flash plug-ins or program errors open the door for entry of destructive programs.
The first tool used to search through the internet was called “Archie”. Coined in 1990 by Alan Emtage, a student from Mcgill University in Montreal. The program downloads directory listings of all files and is placed at an FTP address, creating a searchable database filename.

If the Archie program indexes computer files, “Gopher” indexes the document text. Gopher was created in 1991 by Mark Mccahill at the University of Minnesota. Because of the form of text files, almost all gopher sites became websites after the creation of the World Wide Web.

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The other programs are “Veronica” and “Jughead”, which functions to search for files stored in the Gopher index system. Veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computerized Archives) provides search by using keywords in the title menu in the entire Gopher list. Jughead (Jonzy’s Universal Gopher Hierarchy Excavation and Display) is a tool for obtaining information menus from several types of Gopher servers.

The first search engine on the web was “Wandex”, a nowdefunct index collected by the World Wide Web Wanderer, a Web Crawler developed by Matthew Gray from MIT in 1993. In the same year, another search engine came out, Aliweb, which at the time it still exists. The first search engine that was “full text” or a search engine that almost all of the writing was a Web Crawler that appeared in 1994. Unlike previous search engines, web crawlers that appeared in 1994. Unlike previous search engines, web crawlers allow users looking for information using any word on any web page. This is the standard of all search engines that exist today.

After that, many search engines have sprung up and competed to get fame. Among Excite, Infosee, Inktomi, Northern Light, and AltaVista. In some ways, they compete with well-known directories like Yahoo !.

Before the web came up, there were search engines for protocols or other users, like Archie for anonymous FTP sites and Veronica for the Gopher protocol. Recently also appeared online search engines that use XML or RSS. With this search engines become more efficient at indexing data on websites without complicated demands. So the website only provides a reciprocal XML with search engine indexes. XML feedback is increasingly provided automatically by weblogs or blogs. Examples of these search engines are feedsters, such as LjFind Search which provides search services for Livejournal blogs.

There are a number of the most popular types of Web browsers below

Firefox or also commonly known as Mozilla Firefox is a web browser developed by Mozilla. Until now Firefox is the most popular and reliable web browser besides Firefox can browse the internet quickly and lightly. Lots of addons / plugins or additional extensions provided by Firefox to improve internet browsing capabilities. With these comprehensive features, Firefox becomes the most popular web browser.

For those of you who have never tried the reliability of the Mozilla Firefox Web Browser, you can download it via the download link http://www.mozilla.com/en-US/firefox/upgrade.html 

Google Chrome Web Browser Google Chrome is a tough competitor of Firefox. Although Google Chrome is actually a web browser that has just been created, Google Chroom has been able to rival other web browsers. This is because Google Chrome is a Web Browser created by the current internet authorities namely Google. With the big name of Google, of course Chrome can develop rapidly besides that the reliability and speed of Google Chrome is not inferior to Firefox and can even exceed the speed of Firefox. So many internet users who used to use the Firefox web browser move to use the Google Chrome web browser.

For those of you who want to try it please download via http://www.google.com/chrome/ 

Opera Web Browser Opera is also a web browser that is no less popular than the two web browsers above. The advantages that are not owned by the two browsers above are the availability in the mobile version. Even the mobile version of Opera (Opera Mini) is the fastest web browser at the moment.

Although sometimes the use of Opera on the desktop / pc is often underestimated, but in the latest release of opera can beat Firefox in terms of speed to keep it. In addition there are also other plugins that are also provided by opera in order to become a fast and reliable web browser, one of which is Opera Turbo.

Download the Opera Web Browser http://www.opera.com/ 

Internet Explorer Internet Explorer is the oldest web browser, even almost all computer users know IE, because IE by default is available when first installing Windows. Ie made by Microsoft is often said to be weak in protecting security in browsing, the Microsoft also has acknowledged that, with the existing deficiencies in IE that Microsoft does not stay silent, they also launched IE in the latest version which is certainly far better than the default version. on the first Windows Install.

Download http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/internet-explorer/products/ie/home 

Apple Safari Talking about the development of technology, Apple is a company that appears with innovation, Apple presents a beautiful and attractive operating system, and also makes a web browser known as Safari Browser.

Even further than that Apple users claim that Safari is the Fastest and Beautiful Web Browser with a simple appearance plus many plugins are provided to be the best.

Download Safari http://www.apple.com/safari/ 

History of Search Engines

In the beginning, the internet was not as perfect as we see today. Even the network that connects one website to another – as we know it today in the form of links – also doesn’t exist yet. The internet was originally a collection of servers used as data storage, where people had to upload files to store data and download them to access data files that were already stored. To find a particular file, one must browse the file list. If you are familiar with computers in the DOS era, you can compare them by searching for a file on a disk using the DIR command. We’re a little lucky if you know the structure of the directory and know the name of the file you’re looking for. With a process like this, searching for files on intermet is a very tiring and demanding job. In 1990, Alam Emtage, a student at McGill University in Canada, created the first tool to make it easier to find data on the internet. Archie, the name of its findings, is an index form of files that are on the internet. Archie is not a search engine as we see it today, but it was quite popular in his day. In principle, Archie is an index – table of contents – of all files that are publicly accessible on certain computer networks. The index is then entered into the database to facilitate searching. Although not as sophisticated as today’s search engines that have the ability to analyze the structure of the language of “humans” (so remember Tukul), in his time Archie was considered a great tool and in doing its job, provided index files in a single computer network system to facilitate searching. In 1991, another student named Mark McCahill from the University of Minesotta created Gopher, who had the ability to search for files through the text contained in the file, without needing to know the name of the file and the directory structure in which it was stored. Veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computerized Archives) and Jughead (Jonzy’s Universal Gopher Hierarchy Excavation and Display) were created to enable text-based search on the Gopher Index System. Wandex was the first search engine in the form as we see it today, created in 1993 by Matthew Gray. Wandex is the first program to do both things, compile indexes and search indexes. This technology is the first to explore the internet network. Since that time the development of search engines began commercially. In the span of time from 1993 to 1998 popping up the search engines that we know today include: Excite – 1993 Yahoo! – 1994 WebCrawler – 1994 Lycos – 1994 Infoseek – 1995 AltaVista – 1995 Inktomi – 1996 AskJeeves – 1997 Google – 1997 MSN Search – 1998 Nowadays search engines have technological perfection that allows searching by using words or sentences as we normally use in daily conversation -day. A very amazing development for technology that has only been known in the last 15 years. 

The discoverers

Sir Timothy John “Tim” Berners-Lee, KBE (TimBL or TBL) (born in London, England, June 8, 1955) is the inventor of the World Wide Web and chair of the World Wide Web Consortium, which governs its development. In 1980, when he was still a free contractor at CERN, Berners-Lee proposed a project based on the concept of hypertext (hypertext) to facilitate the sharing and updating of information among researchers. With the help of Robert Cailliau he created a prototype system called Inquire.

After leaving CERN to work at John Poole’s Image Computer Systems Ltd., he returned in 1984 as a research fellow. He used a similar idea that he had used on Inquire to create the World Wide Web, where he designed and built the first browser (called WorldWideWeb and developed in NeXTSTEP) and the first web server called httpd.

The first website created by Berners-Lee (and therefore also the first website) is located at http://info.cern.ch/ (archived) and was posted online for the first time on August 6, 1991.  

In 1994, Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Until now, Berners-Lee is still humble and has no desire to gain popular status. Many still do not know the power of this man’s work, the World Wide Web. One of his biggest contributions in advancing the World Wide Web is not patenting it so that it can still be used freely. On July 16, 2004 she was given the honorary title KBE by Queen Elizabeth II in honor of her services.

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