The fifth generation of computers, which is currently being developed, is being developed by various electronic vendors. The fifth generation computer is often called the next generation of computers.
In subsequent developments there will be many major changes, that since IBM-PC was introduced and not the only PC-compatible manufacturer.
So the new standard in the PC industry, will be more widely applied and more developed by other companies. Like Intel and Microsoft, which was pioneered by W. Bill Gates, who has now become a pioneer of world hardware and software standards.
Some of the evidence is the emergence of smartphones, tablets, phablets, netbooks, ultrabooks, and many more, the latest discoveries at this time that we can meet.
The history of the development of fifth generation computers is computers, which we use today. This generation marked its emergence. LSI (Large Scale Integration) which is the compaction of thousands of microprocessors in a microprocessor at this time.
In addition, it was also marked by the emergence of semi conductors and microprocessors.
Companies that have made micro-processors include Intel Corporation, Zilog, Motorola, and many others. In the market we can easily meet, with a microprocessor from Intel with models 4004, 80386, 8088, 80286, 80486, and Pentium.
Pentium four is the latest production output from the Intel Corporation which is expected in the future to cover the shortcomings and all the weaknesses that exist. In the previous product. in addition, the ability and speed that has been owned by the Pentium-4 also increased to 2 Ghz.
In 2001 Intel successfully launched the Itanium processor, the first 64-bit architecture (IA-64) based processor from Intel products .
Itanium is Intel’s first processor with 64-bit instructions and will release a new generation of operating systems and applications, while Intel products still maintain backward compatibility with 32-bit software.
It should be understood in advance that since the release of the 386 processor, the computer is able to operate at 32 bits per unit of time in executing information up to Pentium 4. At this time most computers used are still often using 32-bit based.
In the pentium generation, in addition to the special characteristics of the improved performance of data access speeds and also the image display has a resolution (image quality) is good and colorful and multimedia also supports, and more importantly is the function of computer components to be smarter.
Even though computers in the current generation, with physical size are smaller and simpler, they have increasingly smart and sophisticated capabilities in operation.
In this fifth generation, development efforts have been made called Josephson Junction , technology that can replace the chip. That can have the ability to process trillions of operatives per second, while chip technology can only process billions of operations per second.
Computers in the fifth generation will be able to translate human languages, humans can directly talk to computers and the ability to save computer energy.
This extraordinary trait can be called “Artificial Intelligence”, but also based on GUI (Graphic User Interface), multicommunication and multimedia.
Examples of computers that were born in the fifth generation, which are already based on x86, such as the 286 chip which was introduced in 1982 with 134,000 transistors, then the 386 chip in 1983 with 275,000 transistors, then the 486 chip was introduced in 1989 which has 1.2 million transistors .
Then in 1993 Intel began to introduce a family of 586 processors called Pentium 1 and the number of transistors 3.1 million to do 90 MIPS (Million Instruction Per Second). Then followed by the next generation, Pentium 2, 3, and 4.
The images displayed in this generation become smoother and sharper, in addition to the speed of processing performance, and in sending or receiving images also become faster.
With current computer technology, it will be difficult to imagine how the future of computers. With the technology available at this time, we seem to have been able to “hold the world” because of its sophistication.
From the technology side of some of the world’s computer scientists, have confidence that one day will be created, what is called a biochip, which is made from cytetic protein material. Robots are made with materials like this later on will be like a human clone.
While the technology is in the process of the present study is that mikrooptik, and input-output audio that can be used for computer generation will come. Computer science experts are now starting to try to build computers that do not require writing and creating programs by users.
Computers without programs (programless computers) may form the main characteristics of the next generation of computers that will be developed in the future.
The characteristics of fifth generation computers are:
- Still using LSI technology, which of course has a lot of development
- More and more features
- Much faster information processing
In principle characteristics of future computers that will come is more sophisticated and less expensive and have such ability to see, speak, hear, and more sophisticated. And able to make conclusions like humans.
This means that fifth generation computers have artificial intelligence, which is close to human capabilities and behavior. Another plus, intelligence to predict an event that will happen, can communicate directly with humans, and the smaller form has a lot of computer history, which we can meet.
But we can not deny that the pen and paper are stationery and symbols that we naturally receive, it is only a matter of time until someone discovers the latest sophisticated products with the concept of a smart pen or smart paper.
The history of computers and their development continues today until a technology called AI was created. AI computer generation, which means that artificial intelligence can do better input.
Even with this AI technology, we can input spoken language everyday and can study the surrounding environment and adjust the situation. So that AI technology is considered to be the latest breakthrough from computers, not infrequently many developers also use AI systems.
The current technology can facilitate the work of humans in their work, one of these tools is a computer. The definition of the computer itself can be interpreted with a device to receive input and process it which can then display the output.
The history of computers continues to evolve from time to time which has been stated in the above point. By knowing the complete history of this computer, the definition of a computer, as well as the function of this computer can certainly make our minds open. In addition, we can accept the changing times and can make good use of technology.