Originally proposed game video / arcade located at the beginning of the tube ray cathode -based defense missile control system in the late 1940s. Programs is then adapted to the game is simple more in the era of the 1950s. At the end of the 1950s late and through the 1960s, more lots game computers were developed ( mostly in the computer mainframe), are gradually the level of sophistication and complexity pu helped grow . After this period , video games diverged into various platforms: arcade, mainframe, console , personal computer and then handheld games .
Companies commercial first console game video is Computer Space in 1971, which laid the basis for the industry of entertainment just at the end of the 1970s in the United States , Japan , and Europe . but these companies do not survive long is partly substantial caused by a flood of video games come to market resulting in the collapse of the total industry gaming consoles in the whole world, eventually shift the dominance of the market from North America to Japan . But inihanya affect market gaming consoles , gaming market computer most large are not affected . The next generation of video game consoles will continue to be dominated by Japanese companies . Although some efforts will be carried out by the North American and companies of Europe , generation four consoles , the business they are in the end will fail . . Not until the generation of sixth console game video will be non- Companies Japan released a system console success in the commercial . The market has followed the path that is equal to several times failed to be done by companies with which all failed in the beyond some success limited in the game electronic handheld since early . Currently it is only companies of Japan have a successful major console handheld game, although in some years past games handheld has come into devices such as mobile phones and PDAs.
Generation ‘s first console game video lasts from year 1972, with the release of the Magnavox Odyssey, until 1977, when the “pong” -style manufacturer of consoles to leave the market in bulk because of the introduction and success of microprocessor -based console
In the history of computer and video games, generation two ( regular referred to as the beginning of the era of 8 bits or less over 4 -bit era) started in the year 1976 with the release of the Fairchild Channel F and Radofin 1292 Advanced Programmable Video System . In the era generation of both these who becomes the belle of the console game is a console game ATARI. Some examples of game consoles in the second generation can be seen besides . From ki -ka are Fairchild Channel F, Atari 2600, Magnavox Odyssey ver. 2, Atari 5200
Generation three starts in the year 1983 with marketed Japanese Family Computer tau better known by the name Famicom ( later known as the Nintendo Entertainment System in the whole world). Although console generation before also use an 8-bit processor, the final generation of this console houses the first time be labeled by their “bits”. It also went into fashion as a 16-bit system like Mega Drive / Genesis was marketed to distinguish between console generations . In the United States , this generation in this game is mainly dominated by NES / Famicom . In the era is precisely the case of war console games are the first among companies consoles Nintendo with SEGA.
Generation fourth or plain called the era of 16 bits, the generation of this NES got a welcome warm in the whole world, and a company called Sega tried to compete with Nintendo. In the year 1988, Sega released the console next-generation them , Sega Genesis (also known as the Sega Genesis). The console is present a picture that is sharp and animations are much smoother than the NES. The console is quite successful given the pressure , but the NES still persist with the number of sales high . Two years later , in 1990, Nintendo re- kicked with the console next-gen them , SNES (Super Nintendo Entertainment System). For 4 years , Nintendo and Sega have become bitter , although there are several manufacturers such as SNK with its NeoGeo , NEC with TurboGrafx-16 and Phillips CD- i , but both of their consoles are so reliable and popular . year 1989
Nintendo releases the handheld game, Game Boy. Price : $ 109.
NEC released the video game system Turbografx-16, the North American version of PC Engine . Price : $ 189.
Sega released the Sega Genesis video game system. Price : $ 249.
Atari releases the first color handheld game , Atari Lynx. Price : $ 149. NEC released a version that is improved from the PC Engine console them in Japan , SuperGrafx . Only five title games that take advantage of the video game is , and do not ever sell it commercially in outside Japan . Year 1990 Trip Hawkins out of Electronic Arts and founded 3DO. NEC released Turbografx CD expansion for Turbografx-16, upgrade the system that the CD-ROM. Price : $ 399. SNK released Neo-Geo (AES), for the first time the system that really brings the arcade to home . Price : $ 699. SquareSoft released Final Fantasy first who will be role-playing game is the best in the system console. Sega released the Game Gear handheld. Microprose is formed . NEC released a version hanheld of Turbografx-16 console them , TurboExpress . In 1991 Commodore released a home -based video game CD, CDTV. Price : $ 999. Fujitsu released FM Towns Marty, the world’s first 32-bit console . Nintendo released Super Nintendo. Price : $ 199. Joe Santulli and Kevin Oleniacz founded Digital Press, an independent publication of various video game system collectors . Two publishers PC entertaintment primary , Cinemaware and Epyx , cap . In 1992 Philips released a home -based video game CD, CD- i . Sega released Sega CD expansion for Sega Genesis.
Generation fifth or referred also to the era of console 32 bit. where console games are most popular in the generation of this is Sony Playstation
Generation sixth is marked by the rise of consoles games the next generation of the respective companies such as SONY, SEGA, Nintendo and the emergence of a more console games recently which was launched by Microsoft which was given the name Xbox. War console games have finally resulted in the fall of the company console SEGA are not able anymore to continue the console next generation ( Dreamcast) them and more choose to concentrate in the field of manufacture of game consoles .
Due to the increasingly sophisticated technology in the field of technology then later 3 Companies consoles World ( Sony, Nintendo, and Microsoft) issued back in the console next-generation they output the latest . Sony issued a console next-gen which was given the name of PS3 ( Playstation 3), and Nintendo with the Nintendo Wii then Microsoft with the Xbox 360. In the generation is more developed system of games online or games that involve a lot of players that are connected to console them and even abandonment of a game single player.