Difference between Intel and AMD And the Strengths and Weaknesses
Difference between Intel and AMD As well as Strengths and Weaknesses – Because some of our customers at Sodagar Computers often ask what is the difference between AMD and Intel?
And after I blogwalking, I found reference material that I finally posted in the article here.
Processors: Intel and AMD
If the motherboard is the heart of your system, the Central processing unit (CPU or Processor) is the brain. Choosing one of them now is very complicated compared to before. Now there are only two competitors left on the market, and almost with hundreds of different processors (when you consider the model and speed) a little dizzy to describe the differences between Intel and AMD.
Intel and AMD make processors that have the same class, more or less like car manufacturers. AMD is cheaper than Intel, even though Intel has a larger market share. The fastest thing to judge a processor is its clock speed. This can be explained simply by the operation that can be handled per second (a unit known as Hertz, ata Hz).
For details, 3.0 Ghz can handle 3 billion operations per second. Of course, speed is not the only specification. Onboard cache and socket type are other defining factors. The onboard cache size varies between 512KB and 1MB. 1MB is usually more expensive but the performance is better.
The type of socket determines which motherboard can be used. Usually the socket name includes the number of pins the processor has clearly, socket 939 has 939 pins.
There was a time when one gigaherzt (1 GHZ) processor was inconceivable. Of course, now is an old item. The most important part now is to realize that a processor distinguished between 2.0 and 4.0 GHz speed increases to be less important.
The difference in performance between high-end processors is the brand, and low-end processor, this is not much different anymore. At the same time, the price factor also increased very sharply with high end processors worth around 200 to 300 dollars more.
You don’t need to have to buy the fastest processor. It’s better to look for a motherboard with the latest specifications. You don’t need the fastest processor to have fun with your computer.
Is a multinational company based in the US and is well known for the design and production of microprocessors and specializes in integrated circuits. Intel also makes network cards, motherboard chipsets, components, and other devices. Intel has advanced research projects in all aspects of semiconductor production, including MEMS.
Intel changed its logo and slogan on January 1, 2006. The old slogan “Intel inside” was replaced with “Intel Leap ahead”.
Some Intel processor products that exist today, namely:
- Intel® Pentium® 4
- Intel® Pentium® Dual-Core
- Intel® Core ™ 2 Duo
- Intel® Core ™ 2 Quad
- Intel® Core ™ 2 Extrme
- Intel® Core ™ i7
AMD (Advanced Micro Devices)
Is a company manufacturing integrated circuits, processors or ICs (integrated circuits) based in Sunnyvale, California, USA. The first plant is in Austin, Texas, America and the second plant is in Dresden, Germany which is set to produce Athlon only.
If all goes well, the dream of a cheaper PC system can be realized because Intel is no longer monopolized. Also in 2006, AMD has succeeded in acquiring a well-known graphics company from America namely ATI Tecnology. The company is the second largest provider of x86-compatible processors.
AMD is also known by the world, some of its products are:
- AMD Sempron ™
- AMD Athlon ™ FX
- AMD Athlon ™ 64
- AMD Athlon ™ X2
- AMD Athlon ™ X3
- Athlon ™ X4
The difference between Intel and AMD, both Intel and AMD use a different view of the processor, namely from the architecture of the processor itself. In this case, nothing can be said to be superior or not.
AMD integrates the memory controller into its processor, so that the data path between the processor and the chipset is shorter. Intel did not integrate this memory controller into its processor (although now that view has been changed with the presence of Core i7 / Nehalem codename) and is more focused on embedding internal memory on the processor.
Both Intel and AMD have their respective advantages. For AMD, embedding a memory controller that is often referred to as HyperTransport into the processor makes the data transfer rate faster (because data does not have to wait from main memory), but makes the internal memory on the processor become small.
For Intel, the integration of a large processor’s internal memory (obtained from implanting a large number of transistors) makes it mighty in terms of multi-threading applications because it relates to the main function of the processor’s internal memory itself (as a temporary storage of data to be processed by the processor), but less powered in the price range.
I, as the author, admit, Intel’s technology is one level above AMD’s. Therefore, users must pay more funds for an Intel processor.
The difference between Intel and AMD, when people hear the word, AMD is more intended for gaming, while Intel is aimed at heavy applications. This view is almost correct, because in the case of gaming does not require a large processor memory (often called L2 Cache) but fast data transfer (now it has been taken over by the GPU).
Intel is much more fun being forced to play with many applications because of its large internal memory compared to AMD classmates.
Frequency and Chipset
The difference between Intel and AMD, I combine these two things because they are related to one another. But before that, one thing I want to emphasize, do not match the frequency of AMD and Intel.
For example, AMD Sempron 3000+ 1.8GHz processor with Intel Pentium 4 1.8GHz does not mean that it has the same speed, it was emphasized from the start, because AMD integrates HyperTransport into its processor, so the data transfer process becomes faster. (Just look at AMD and Intel products on the market)
If you are observant in looking at the market, AMD products almost rarely have a frequency greater than 3GHz (both socket 754 and 939/940 (AM2). AMD with 1.8GHz speed, actually its performance is the same as Intel 2.2GHz (There is no exact calculation formula for this, but the reality is so.) For Intel’s small frequency, this is not a big obstacle for Intel.
With a lot of experience as a good chipset manufacturer on the Intel motherboard platform, the R&D (research and development) for Intel chipsets is growing rapidly (since the days of Intel rapidly, especially in terms of overclocking socket 478, there are many motherboards with Intel chipsets on the market, starting from series 845 to 975X). While AMD has only integrated it from AMD 600 series chipsets used for AM2 sockets.
Therefore, do not be surprised if the Intel processor can be increased to reach 4GHz clock speed more just by using air cooling and even stock cooling, while AMD is boyo to be forced to run at 4GHz even though using dice / phase cooling.
For this point, I prefer to directly give champions to the AMD platform. Because, motherboards with AMD platforms use a lot of chipsets with integrated graphics from nVidia and ATi Radeon which are already very adequate in terms of graphics, inversely proportional to Intel.
Prior to the merger between AMD and ATi, several motherboard manufacturers used the nVidia chipset on AMD motherboards (besides AMD chipsets themselves), while on Intel motherboards this also existed, but most were limited to SLI-capable chipsets (nForce 590, nForce 680 ).
This is due to indirect competition between Intel and nVidia. (when AMD and ATi joined …. Intel and Nvidia were instead at war).
Onboard Intel graphics?
Do not expect …. Even though Intel has released a GMA X4500 graphics chipset that already supports DX10 and Aero features on Vista, it’s still very much better nVidia and ATi.
A little illustration, when I asked what he knew about AMD, he said that AMD processors heat up quickly. (talking about the default, right … not after overclock). That’s right, when compared to Intel Dualcore E2xxx series with Athlon X2 4 / 5xxx (same internal processor memory, 1MB), then Athlon heat faster.
Why? My personal opinion, AMD is hot faster because with a large clock speed, the heat generated is also large. So it is with cooling from AMD which is quite large with a square shape and a small airflow per second fan, of course heat faster.
Actually, due to a little physics, the bigger the media, the more the heat will be propagated, so that the heat from the processor which is discharged by the fan through the heatsink will be much longer than the small heatsink fan. (Now, Intel’s cooling is getting thinner, right?)
ADVANTAGES AND LACKS OF AMD INTEL AND PROCESSORS:
- The instruction set on Intel is MMX, SSE, SSE2, and SSE3, but on AMD SSE2 and 3DNow. But of the many instructions that are used by Intel actually already in AMD’s 3DNow which is not owned by Intel.
- The maximum L1 on Intel is 32K, while on AMD it is 128K. Based on several AMD tests with 128K L1 is superior compared to Intel.
- Many transistors on Intel 100 billion while AMD 105 billion.
- The number of Decoders, Integers, FPs on Intel is less than on AMDs
- This significant difference increases the performance of AMD.
- The temperature at Intel can be adjusted by the processor itself (the processor will reduce speed if the processor is too hot), the maximum temperature at AMD64 is 900C. Intel technology is superior to AMD.
- AMD is superior in processing communications applications, such as data transfer on modems, ADSL, MP3, and Doubly Digital Suround Sound.
- Intel’s pipeline is longer than AMD’s, but Intel’s pipeline has problems with task swaps, so the Intel pipeline is slowing down below AMD.
- Intel wins in its brand image and market, while AMD’s price is cheaper.
- On a standard Intel Pentium 4 processor, the performance is surprisingly fast. Sure, for the graphics business, Masshi is inferior to AMD, but at least the Intel processor doesn’t heat up fast.
- On AMD Athlon processors the price is rather cheap compared to Intel. The graphics are really good, the speed is pretty good, but it’s faster than Intel.
- COMPARISON OF THE INTEL AND AMD PROCESSOR SPEED
The difference between Intel and AMD, in terms of its use, the hardware is the processor is an important part of the computer that serves as the core of the performance of this computer itself where the more memory and the more processors the faster the performance produced by the processor itself.
The fast processor we can see from the cores (core processor) the more cores used on the processor the faster the computer performance that we use. Why is that, because the processor works in application programs or games that we use the more applications we run the more processors we use.
Conclusions as follows:
To use an Intel processor you have to pay a lot of money especially with the high performance produced by the Intel processor that is Intel i7 compared to AMD processors you will not spend much money and the performance is also pretty good. Therefore, for those of you who cost mediocre, choose an AMD processor, but if you have more costs, please choose an Intel processor.
Intel processors and AMD processors have been tested for performance it turns out that Intel processors are powerful in any case while AMD processors are only your second choice.
Intel processors are more powerful than AMD processors in multimedia applications, on the contrary AMD processors win over Intel processors in gaming and its 3D programs.
- It turns out AMD has a smart detecting feature for example when we do multi-tasking, AMD will detect which one we are using, from there AMD will focus on the application that we use while the rest is for temporary sleep
- INTEL is more focused on speed so this is what causes INTEL to heat faster than AMD, but Intel is able to reduce its own process when the temperature is hot.
The actual Overheat temperature also depends on our needs, the higher the automatic work, the faster the heat is in terms of Intel or AMD and therefore usually mines the cooling features of the processor.
Difference between Intel and AMD, Even the latest news now:
- Intel has the INTEL MATRIX STORAGE feature whose function is to maximize the work of the processor and help in memory management
- Although AMD lost the various Benchmark tests but most gamers chose AMD as the processor for their computers
- Regarding the motherboard socket, if AMD releases the latest socket type, the socket that type previously would not be on the market (dis-continued), is inversely proportional to Intel even though the old type would still be supported even updated.
Thus the difference between Intel and AMD that we can convey, hopefully can be useful.