- Corn Technology Improves Modern Broiler Performance
The dynamics of the livestock industry in Indonesia continue to move forward, especially increasing the number of residents who also need adequate nutrition from milk, meat and eggs. Seeing this fact, Indonesia considers the world community as a large market for their products.
However, if you look at the potential of domestic agriculture, Indonesia is actually able to meet the needs of agricultural products from within its own country, without having to be important. Even specifically for poultry and processed products such as sausages, nuggets, and chicken meatballs, can export to various countries.
The challenge going forward is that the national livestock industry, especially the poultry farming business, must be managed modernly and professionally. Modern management here is about increasing productivity in producing products that match the needs and wants of the market. While management by professionals is an interesting activity on the use of science and technology in processing raw materials into a product desired by the market.
Because it is closely related to the application of science and technology with all the consequences, the modern livestock industry must be able to manage human resources who have special expertise in their fields, with a minimum of tertiary education, or professionals in the field of animal husbandry who have provided appropriate competencies. If the modern livestock industry can be realized with qualified human resources, then the livestock sector as an important pillar in the industry and food, can help sustain national food security, able to meet the needs of animal protein, namely meat, eggs and milk.
Modern livestock industry in the next few years will be driven more by young professionals who have mastery of science and technology about modern animal husbandry. They will be more located in rural areas in various regions in Indonesia, an area that is suitable to facilitate more livestock farming to be developed. Modernization by professionals in agriculture in the countryside will be a refresher for small towns or villages, as well as a driver of the rural economy.
Modernization of animal husbandry cultivation is at the same time a way to control urbanization of rural young workers, to continue to build in their respective hometowns. After traveling to tertiary education or having gained special expertise in the field of animal husbandry achieved in urban areas for example, then afterwards these young professionals will be able to return to their villages to develop and use their knowledge in the livestock sector in their hometown.
Villages like this can only be a magnet for the younger generation who previously migrated more to urban areas or even to other countries, to return to their villages. They will compete to build it in accordance with their respective fields of expertise.
The idea outlined, is not to encourage modern cultivation in rural areas by inviting experts or professionals from outside the area, developing livestock businesses in modern and professional villages, which are driven by most of the people in the village. The development of livestock business in rural areas certainly does not merely include modern livestock development, but more importantly is the development of rural populations for the benefit and modern mind in conducting livestock business activities. And that has the potential to become a modernization of livestock business in this rural area is the young generation of animal husbandry colleges, which have been equipped with enough knowledge and technology related to animal husbandry.
This modern and professional village will be able to make its region an important support in terms of food security in terms of fulfilling animal protein both meat, eggs, and milk, by making rural developed and independent. Developers of modern and professional rural cultivation businesses will become the engine of regional economic development, while maintaining harmony, balance and synergy between economic growth and equilibrium.
2. Farms in Australia Start to Use Satellite Technology
Imagine if you could control grazing land and monitor livestock from the air. It sounds like science fiction, but that’s what happened on a number of farms in Northern Australia.
This precision cattle grazing project can reduce production costs, time and labor, and provide important support related to animal welfare and land management.
Newcastle Water Farm is one of the leading farms in the Barkly region, Northern Australia. Founded in 1860, this farm was formerly owned by entrepreneur Kerry Packer.
Anne Pedersen is the head of livestock stock in the Newcastle Waters commercial camp. (ABC News: Kristy O’Brien)
In the 10,000 square km livestock breeding area, a precision animal husbandry trial is taking place. Using satellite technology, they monitor cattle and control the farm gate.
This technology uses a drinking location to lure livestock to farms where the animals will cross a bridge.
Electronic markers or tags on the ears of livestock required by the national animal identification system are scanned to read the weight of each animal. This data is then sent via satellite to a computer.
Herdsmen also use this technology to design or separate livestock by automatically directing animals of greater weight to different routes.
Fill the gap
The Driver team developed this technology over the past decade.
“Generally in the livestock industry, especially in northern Australia, herders only weigh cattle once or twice a year, so you lose a lot of information between the time lags,” he said.
“That is what motivated the development of automated devices or robots,” explained Driver.
The team just expanded their research to monitor land conditions.
Scientist from the local Ministry of Industry, Sally Leigo, said producers can now mate the weight of livestock to the conditions of their region by using satellite technology. You do this by taking pictures that will track changes in growth rates, conditions and diversity of grass.
Station manager Jack Andrews says technology can make elections faster than using the eye. (ABC News: Kristy O’Brien)
The naked eye
Newcastle Water’s farm manager, Jak Andrew, acknowledged that the condition of the land on his farm is usually assessed using eyes.
“As a person who grew up on a farm … you will make the assumption that you can read this region,” he said.
“From a routine weighing system and a precision grazing management system, it was identified that we actually missed two to three weeks from what is visually visible, not only by looking at grassland satellite imagery, but also from cattle weights,” he explained.
“The weight of cows is decreasing, and you won’t be able to find out using only the naked eye,” he explained.
Sally Leigo said that information like this was very important in raising awareness when the condition of livestock declined.
“Information like this is important for the situation in the dry season,” he said.
“If there is an early notification, you certainly have the opportunity to reduce the stock of livestock and it is hoped that this can be done before other breeders flood the market,” he said.
Does not replace humans
Although this is an advancement in animal husbandry technology, Jak Andrews says it is still far from being able to replace humans with robots.
“I certainly think that humans will remain an integral part of running a farm in the future,” he said.
Newcastle Waters Farm assistant manager surveyed their farms. (ABC News: Kristy O’Brien)
“Until the moment when there are flying cars and robots doing everything, we still need people in the field. But we need to seize the opportunities that exist through technology,” he said.
“I think people and technology can work side by side on farms,” he explained.